Wachtel, Albert. "Introduction, The First Trinity." The Cracked Lookingglass: James Joyce and the Nightmare of History . Selinsgrove: Susquehanna UP, 1992. 15-38. Print. Proposition: Joyce’s work is “more closely related to daily experience than written history.” Goal: The goal is to show that Dubliners has no factual base but instead contains accidental occurrences. Plan: The plan is to offer background information on Joyce’s life and his works. Then Wachtel opens the book with a proposition. He provides evidence for his statement and quotes known people. He then explains the stories from his point of view and inserts premises throughout the book. Audience: The audience is anyone who read Dubliners and wants to have a better understanding of the stories while receiving one person’s point of view. Albert Wachtel believes that Joyce’s work is “more closely related to daily experience than written history.” He believes that Dubliners is full of “probable events” and “scrupulously uninterpreted accidental occurrences.” There are also those few times where there is factual base in the stories but there is no direct reference. Wachtel agrees that Joyce’s stories combine autobiography and fiction. Therefore he refers to them as fictional histories. He quotes Aristotle by saying that “a person of a given kind will
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