Class Notes (2).pdf - The Empire and the Church Temporal...

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The Empire and the Church Temporal power vs. Spiritual power - The temporal power was the emperor and his physical power over beings - The spiritual power was the power over the souls held by the church - The emperor was content with their physical power but the church wanted both physical and spiritual power and did not find it fair they had attainable power - The emperor did not want the church having any of their power Ghibellinis vs. Guelphs - The Ghibellinis were the people who supported the emperor - The Guelps were supporters of the pope - These fights divided cities because both of them wanted power. This caused battles and fragmentation throughout the country Dante He was a politician involved in the city, as well as a writer/poet. Dante’s party loses the control over his city and the representatives are kicked out of Florence (everyone is banned including him). After this is when Dante made his work about Hell, Purgatory, and Heaven. This became an instrument for him to criticize Italians. ***Dante’s Comedia*** Virgil - guide for Dante through hell and purgatory. IRL he was a Roman Poet. Sordello - was Dante’s friend and a Poet. Him and Virgil did not know each other and did not live in the same time frame, but they were both from Mantova. Dante wrote about an encounter between the two of them. Machiavelli Machiavelli’s Italy emphasized the importance of Reputation There was the necessity for taking a position - no indulgence. You have to take a side and be confident with your decisions or else you will show weakness. Emphasizes the issue with flattery and the dangers that may come with it. Flattery is good in circumstances where it is asked for but otherwise should not be given. There was also the need to control who, when, and to whom anyone speaks. The human model that he reflects represents an Italian that is Individualistic Cynicist Opportunistic Pragmatic It is a contradictory text that does not allow for a clearcut creation of the ‘perfect leader’. He creates a framework for the perfect leader/Italian in a linear text which cannot really embody all the representative qualities.
Italy in the 18th Century (mainly near the end) - This was around the time of the French Revolution which was the first time we see the mass population gain power and overthrow a King. This has an effect on future European politics. - This gives people who read about the Revolution the idea that Italy could do the same. - Napoleon’s presence in Italy established three main republics. It was the first time Rome was not ruled by the Pope. - His domination in Europe leads him to crown himself the Emperor of Europe and decides that he wants to be the King of Italy. Now Italy is a Kingdom under the power of a foreign King.

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