周二1) In the period after the American Revolution, many Americans, including white southerners, believed that slavery would eventually come to an end. However, the opposite happened. Explain this shift in the position that slaveryheld in the American economy.The invention of the cotton ginled to expansion and consolidation of slaveryin the South, which encourage the gaining of new territoriesand the establishment of new states and accelerated the birth of industryin England and the northern United States. P 2721. With the appearance of cotton gin, the efficiency of cotton production grew rapidly.Generally, cotton became the most important nation’s export. The slaves were thought as essential valuable labor resource to help manufacturers to get benefit. A vast army of enslaved workers and huge expanses of fertiles soil would be harnessed to produce cotton. P 2752. Planting Cotton brought a lot of prosperity. Those planters used those prosperity to buy more slavers to expand their plantations.The need for labor was motivated in large part by the rapid expansion of cotton production.“To sell cotton in order to buy negroes”said by one Mississippian. Selling cotton, buying negroes and expanding the plantation is the aim and direct tendencyof all the operation of cotton planters.3. Cotton was not the only source of profit for slaveholders. Rice and sugar also underwrote the expansion of slave labor and, in the case of sugar, the movement westward aswell.Also profits from sugar and rice. Population booming in Europe and westward migration. Increasing demand of food. Slaves grew the food needed to feed the rapidly expanding urban populations in America and abroad.2)What was Reconstruction? What promises did it hold for freed African Americans in the south? In what ways did whitesoutherners resist Reconstruction and how did this resistance contribute to its failure?