lecture+four+FM+2012

# lecture+four+FM+2012 - Outline Net Present Value The...

This preview shows pages 1–12. Sign up to view the full content.

Outline Net Present Value The Payback Rule The Discounted Payback The Average Accounting Return The Internal Rate of Return The Profitability Index

This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document
Net Present Value The difference between the market value of a project and its cost How much value is created from undertaking an investment? The first step is to estimate the expected future cash flows. The second step is to estimate the required return for projects of this risk level. The third step is to find the present value of the cash flows and subtract the initial investment.
Project Example Information You are reviewing a new project and have estimated the following cash flows: Year 0: CF = -165,000 Year 1: CF = 63,120; NI = 13,620 Year 2: CF = 70,800; NI = 3,300 Year 3: CF = 91,080; NI = 29,100 Average Book Value = 72,000 Your required return for assets of this risk level is 12%.

This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document
NPV – Decision Rule If the NPV is positive, accept the project A positive NPV means that the project is expected to add value to the firm and will therefore increase the wealth of the owners. Since our goal is to increase owner wealth, NPV is a direct measure of how well this project will meet our goal.
Computing NPV for the Project Using the formulas: NPV = -165,000 + 63,120/(1.12) + 70,800/(1.12) 2 + 91,080/(1.12) 3 = 12,627.41 Using the calculator: CF 0 = -165,000; C01 = 63,120; F01 = 1; C02 = 70,800; F02 = 1; C03 = 91,080; F03 = 1; NPV; I = 12; CPT NPV = 12,627.41 Do we accept or reject the project?

This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document
Payback Period How long does it take to get the initial cost back in a nominal sense? Computation Estimate the cash flows Subtract the future cash flows from the initial cost until the initial investment has been recovered Decision Rule – Accept if the payback period is less than some preset limit
Computing Payback for the Project Assume we will accept the project if it pays back within two years. Year 1: 165,000 – 63,120 = 101,880 still to recover Year 2: 101,880 – 70,800 = 31,080 still to recover Year 3: 31,080 – 91,080 = -60,000 project pays back in year 3 Do we accept or reject the project?

This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document
Computing Payback for the Project 50 . 35 \$ )) 15 . 0 / )) 15 . 1 / 1 ( 1 (( * 100 ( 4250 ) ( 81 . 11 \$ ) 15 . 1 / 200 ( ) 15 . 1 / 100 ( 250 ) ( 4 2 = - + - = - = + + - = long NPV short NPV
Advantages and Disadvantages of Payback Advantages Easy to understand Adjusts for uncertainty of later cash flows Biased toward liquidity Disadvantages Ignores the time value of money Requires an arbitrary cutoff point Ignores cash flows beyond the cutoff date Biased against long- term projects, such as research and development, and new projects

This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document
Discounted Payback Period Compute the present value of each cash flow and then determine how long it takes to pay back on a discounted basis Compare to a specified required period Decision Rule - Accept the project if it pays back on a discounted basis within the specified time
Computing Discounted Payback for the Project Assume we will accept the project if it pays back on a discounted basis in 2 years.

This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

### What students are saying

• As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

• I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

• The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern