Unformatted text preview: rify that the roots of the following polynomial satisfy the rational root theorem.
P ( x ) = 12 x 3  41x 2  38 x + 40 = ( x  4 ) ( 3 x  2 ) ( 4 x + 5)
Solution
From the factored form we can see that the zeroes are, x=4= 4
1 x= 2
3 x= 5
4 Notice that we wrote the integer as a fraction to fit it into the theorem. Also, with the negative
zero we can put the negative onto the numerator or denominator. It won’t matter.
So, according to the rational root theorem the numerators of these fractions (with or without the
minus sign on the third zero) must all be factors of 40 and the denominators must all be factors of
12.
Here are several ways to factor 40 and 12. 40 = ( 4 ) (10 ) 40 = ( 2 ) ( 20 ) 40 = ( 5 ) ( 8 ) 12 = (1)(12 ) 12 = ( 3)( 4 ) 40 = ( 5 ) ( 8 ) 12 = ( 3)( 4 ) From these we can see that in fact the numerators are all factors of 40 and the denominators are
all factors of 12. Also note that, as shown, we can put the minus sign on the third zero on either
the numerator or the denominator and it will stil...
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2012 for the course ICT 4 taught by Professor Mrvinh during the Spring '12 term at Hanoi University of Technology.
 Spring '12
 MrVinh

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