SPCM3820Exam2StudyGuide - SPCM 3820 Exam 2 Study Guide...

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SPCM 3820 Exam 2 Study Guide Questions from group presentations are written in this color. Recently added information (as of 10pm Sunday night) is written in this color ~ Jenna Questions that still need to be answered are in this color!!!!!!! Generalized other- as reference to the collective body from which the individual sees the self Orientation other- influence identity development; refers to how others influence how you see yourself; for most people these are family members (not necessarily blood relatives) Racialized process- the ways in which a person’s racial identity is constructed, defined, and performed Common culture All racial/ethnic groups share aspects of a “common culture” ex. the american dream, christmas Saliency- The attention or importance individuals place on their intergroup differences Intensity- the level of involvement and investment a person has in importance of one or two identities to a particular aspect of her or his identity Cultural identity theory (definition)- provides a productive framework for acknowledging the existence and impact of complexities of cultural identity and interracial communication. Ascription- an individual’s perception of how others view him/her; framed more from a collective position; our perception of their perception Avowal- the perceived identity that an individual enacts in a particular context; how we come to see ourselves; consists of more subjective identity, one that is typically viewed from the point of a specific individual Cultural markers- 1. Interlocking and inseparable 2. Not simply a member of one particular group 3. Multiple cultural identities 4. Societal privilege refers to unearned entitlement 5. White privilege can be seen in how people of European descent think of themselves as Americans without race Transracial Communication Model- 1. Focuses on interactions that are impacted by perceived racial distinctions and cross racial lines 2. Communication reflects a particular “ethnic perspective.” 3. “Normalization” ( a process of identifying and moving toward common ground) is the ‘ultimate’ goal of transracial interactions. Interracial Communication Model- 1. Focuses on process by which different non- White groups leave their own cultures and enter dominant social structures 2. Three assumptions a. racial/ethnic minorities could never totally move within the realm of dominant European American society b. European Americans controlled the amount of accessibility that people of color had in dominant societal structures
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c. European Americans could never become full fledged members of other racial/ethnic cultures Speech Community Theory- 1. Useful in explaining misunderstandings occurring in communication between people of different racial/ethnic groups 2. Four Assumptions a. members of cultural communities create shared meaning among themselves b. communicators in any cultural group must coordinate their actions c. meanings and actions are particular to individual groups d. each cultural community has a set of distinct resources for
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