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ASSIGNMENT #1: Historical Accounts of Athens By Daini Xiong 176803650 GG271OC: Temporal Perspectives on the City Dr. Marinel Mandres Department of Geography and Environmental Studies Wilfrid Laurier University May 29, 2020
DAINI XIONG ASSIGNMENT 1 Introduction Ancient Athens, situated in the southeast of Balkan Peninsula, was the biggest and the most significant of the Greek city-states. Athenians have a profound influence on the legal system, medicine and philosophy of the contemporary age. Democracy was first introduced in Athens so that all citizens are treated equally. Hippocrates, the ‘father of medicine’, was the doctor in Athens. Socrates, the ‘father of philosophy’, was the teacher in Athens. What is more, many famous and influential architects were working there, and a series of well-known Greek sculptures were carved. Athens’ democracy provides a stable environment for intellectual and artistic development. However, Athens had experienced many invasions, such as Peloponnesian war. In this paper, I will illustrate the location, internal layout, major morphological features, and urban history of ancient Athens. Body Location of the City: Ancient Greece had different maps because of various new rulers and natural disasters, such as flood and earthquakes (University Press Inc., n.d.). The first picture below is the map of the Athenian Empire 440 BC and the second picture shows the location of Athens now. Even though there were many different maps of Ancient Greece, Athens had always been on the same area, which is the southeast of Balkan Peninsula and 5 miles away from the bay of Phaleron, the inlet of the Aegnea sea (Blaka & Engene, n.d.). Athens is in the center of the Plain of Attica. The city is encompassed on three sides by mountains and one side by the sea. During the early middle ages, Athens belonged to Byzantine Empire. After that, it was controlled by the Frankish Duchy. Since 1833, Athens has been the capital city of the Greek state (Albani, 2020). 1
DAINI XIONG ASSIGNMENT 1 Picture 1. Maps of The Athenian Empire. (2012). By University Press Inc. Picture 2. Blaka, E., & Engene, V. (n.d.). Athens. By Britannica. 2
DAINI XIONG ASSIGNMENT 1 From the picture below, you can see the relative location of Athens. In the Plain of Attica, there are four mountains. Mount Pranitha is in the norths, while Mount Ymittos in the souths. Mount Aegaleo is in the west, and Mount Pendeli is located in the east. Among these four mountains, Mount Pranitha is the highest one, with an elevation of 1,1413m. Picture 3. Map of Greater Athens area. (n.d.). By ResearchGate.

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