K50 Midterm Study Guide FINAL - KEY TERMS Old Choson =(2333...

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KEY TERMSOld Choson =? ? ?  (2333 BC – 108 BC)Founder of Old Choson was Tan’gun Wanggom = grandson of Hwanin, god of heaven (mythical legend according to Samguk Yusa)An ancient Korean kingdom, founded upon a flourishing bronze culture, that combined with/incorporated other walled-town states to form a single large confederationFollowed by Wiman Choson and then the Proto-Three Kingdoms periodNorthern Korean peninsula + southern Manchuria (Jin was the ancient Korean state in southern Korean peninsula)The first state on the Korean peninsula (during reign of King Jun, capital of Old Choson and Wiman Choson was Pyongyang – beginning of Korea’s history)Tan ‘gun= ? ?(2333 BC/13thcentury CE)Tan’ gun Wangom, the mythological (son of Hwanung and Ungnyeo the bear) founder of Old Choson (and thus, Korea)Story (myth) written by Monk Iryeon in 13thc. CE in Memorabilia of Three Kingdoms (Samguk Yusa) to give identity to Silla (“Old Choson” was Silla)oHwanin’s son Hwanung wanted to live on earth, sent to Baekdu Mt.oTiger and bearwanted to be human (eat garlic, mugwort, 100 days cave)Mythological (no historical fact) legend written by Iryon in Samguk YusaThree Han= ? ?  (108 BC (fall of Old Choson and Jin state))Aka Three Proto-Kingdoms Period (Mahan, Jinhan, Byeonhan = loose confederations of walled-town states descended from Jin state of southern Korea)Came from Jin and Old Choson (central and southern Korean peninsula), arising out of confusion and migration following fall of Old Choson and establishment of Chinese commanderies in 108 BCThe three kingdoms have linkages; same culture with varying customs but not separated by a clear boundaryoCan’t really say Korea or not, people are coalescing and moving into larger and larger communitiesSaw the systematic introduction of iron into the southern Korean peninsula (esp. Byeonhan) growth in agriculture with iron toolsMahan = ? ?  (1stc. BCE – 3rdc. CE)Confederacy of statelets in the Jin state that probably developed from the existing bronze society of 3rdand 2ndc. BC and continuing to absorb migration from the north in subsequent centuriesSouthwestern Korean peninsula, eventually absorbed/conquered by Paekche, growing into one of the Three KingdomsIdentified with Koguryo (supported by works like Samguk Sagiand Samguk Yusa)Chinhan = ? ?  (1stc. BC – 4thc. CE)A loose confederacy of chiefdoms, one of the SamhanSoutheastern Korean peninsula, eventually absorbed/conquered by Silla, one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea
According to Samguk Sagi, Park Hyokkose united six clans of Chinhan and founded SillaAgriculture was heavily dominated by riceByeonhan= ? ?  or ? ?  (Around 0 CE – 4thc. CE)A loose confederacy of chiefdoms, one of the SamhanSouth Central Korean peninsula, eventually followed by KayaIncrease in iron weapons in 3rdc. CE (Byeonhan known for production of iron)Decline of Byeonhan and rise of the more centralized Kaya Confederacy, which most Byeonhan states joined (Kaya was subsequently annexed by Silla)Koguryo = ? ? ?  (37 BCE – 668 CE)

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