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Running Head: INTERNATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS International Labor Relations Name Institution of Affiliation
INTERNATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS 2 International Labor Relations 1. Analysis of employee relations in China, Germany, and the United States in the face of Amaro's decision to expand According to Kalibala (2020), trade unions in Germany are known to be stronger when compared to those in the United States. This is because much as there is fewer trade union membership in Germany, such entities are known to be more cooperative. Usually, they advocate for a more democratic way in which organizations should run compared to the United States. Given this case, the rights of the employees are put into consideration and are prioritized in a democratic situation than in a non-democratic state. Therefore, the employees are likely to be treated better in Germany than in the United States due to strong unions in Germany. However, what may bring doubts about the strengths of trade unions in Germany is the fact that only a third of the employed persons in Germany are members of the union, and that there has been a decline in the union density in the recent years. Statistics indicate that there are 7.7 million members of trade unions in Germany at a density of 19.3% (Katz, Kochan, & Colvin, 2015). The main trade union in Germany is DGB, which aims at recruiting workers of all types. With such kind of accommodation, it is likely that the employees at new Amaro in Germany may become members of trade unions as such a concept is accommodative and strong in Germany. For China's case, the trade unions are not so vocal, and this is based on the fact that there is a vast pool of labor, with less priority and efforts placed on unionism. The rights of employees are not put so much into consideration in China (Vaughan-
INTERNATIONAL LABOR RELATIONS 3 Whitehead, 2019). Matter of fact, the employers in China are reported to continuously exploit their employees, with the government found to have little or no say in this. As a result, there has been an increase in economic inequality, with workers being left with very little recourse. This, therefore, implies that the trade unions in China are not effective in fighting for the rights of the employees, and this may, in turn, lead to unfair treatment to them. Conversely, when it comes to collective bargaining in all the three nations, the United States, China, and Germany, this has been used as an instrument that regulates labor relations. In all three nations, the concept of collective bargaining operates within the spheres of the social, political, and economic environment (Kalibala, 2020). When enforcing the concept of collective bargaining, economic factors such as inflation are put into consideration. On the other hand, when considering the political environment, the main element considered in this is the level of political stability. All three nations are known to experience political stability, and that is why they have thriving economies.

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