Chapter 2 PPT Notes.docx - Chapter 2 PPT Notes PRINCIPLES OF CONSTITUTIONAL GOVT Three essential principles form basis of constitutional govt o Popular

Chapter 2 PPT Notes.docx - Chapter 2 PPT Notes PRINCIPLES...

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Chapter 2 PPT Notes PRINCIPLES OF CONSTITUTIONAL GOVT Three essential principles form basis of constitutional govt o Popular sovereignty- power granted in state constitutions rests w the ppl o Social Contract Theory: everyone has inalienable rights and submit to govt to protect those rights o Constitutions structure govt, divide + assign power, place limitations on govt’s power Idea of limited govt embraced by TX constitution CHARACTERISTS COMMON TO STATE CONSTITUTIONS: SEPARATION OF POWERS All state constitutions embrace ideas of of sep powers o Sep of Powers: power divided among 3 branches of govt o Checks + Balances: Power given to each govt branch gives it authority to restrain other branches 1876 Texas Constitution framers fragmented executive power due to fear of strong executive power o Executive sys.- power divided among statewide elected officials SEPARATION OF POWERS IN TX GOVT LEGISLATURE GOVERNOR JUDICIARY Propose + pass laws Limited power of some executive officials + judges in cases of vacancies Interpret law Power to propose amendments Submit budget proposal to legislature Settle disputes in matters of criminal + civil law Power to tax and set budgets Serve on boards Popularly elected Oversight of power of state agencies + departments Can call special sessions + dictate special session agenda Impeachment power of judges and executive branch officials Veto + line-item veto power CHARACTERISTICS COMMON TO STATE CONSTITUTIONS: BOR Most state constitutions have strong statements on civil liberties to secure basic freedoms
o BOR: list of rights + freedoms granted to citizens within constitution o Many state constitutions are more generous than US constitution TX const. grants equalities to all citizens regardless of “sex, race, color, creed, nat origin” CHARACTERISTICS COMMON TO STATE CONSTITUTIONS: SUPREME LAW OF STATE Article 6 of US const: constitutional provisions superior to other fed/state laws State law may not violate state constitutions, state statutes are superior to local govt ordinances EVOLUTION OF TX CONSTITUTION: 1824-1876 Each shifting period for Texas called for creation of new constitution o Incorporation under Mexico o Independent nation status o Becoming part of US o Upheaval before and after civil war TX history + culture had big influence on these constitutions CONSTITUTIONS UNDER REPUBLIC OF MEXICO Republic of Mexico’s 1824 constitution formed Coahuila y Tejas New state’s constitution (1827) called for unicameral legislature w 2 elected reps No slavery Catholicism was state religion When pres. Santa Anna suspended Mexican nat constitution, he also disbanded state constitution of Coahuila y Texas REPUBLIC OF TX CONSTITUTION OF 1836 TX declared independence in 1836 and got new constitution o

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