CottoCruz_SOCI303_Assignment two.docx - Social Solidarity...

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Social Solidarity and the Division of Labor Introduction Society is in constant change, which helps to form the individuals within it. Thanks to different sociologists, society can be analyzed and understood from a more analytical and profound perspective in the sociological field. Sociologist Emile Durkheim was one of the leading sociologists in developing concepts, theories, and ideas in order to understand society and the individuals within it. Durkheim focused on different societies, because the changes in society created a new perspective on how to analyze things. Social solidarity and the Division of Labor are concepts created by Durkheim which help to understand the society in a broader and more specific way. It would be difficult to understand that the concepts created by Durkheim in the 1800s would be used in 2020 due to everything that is happening, on the contrary, the ideas presented are very useful in the present and will be so for the future. This essay we will be presenting an analysis in Durkheim about his ideas of Social Solidarity and the Division of Labor and how these ideas can be applied in different types of societies and how these ideas can be compared with each other. Social solidarity One of Emile Durkheim's approaches was a thesis in social solidarity. Durkheim was interested in the causes that kept society together when people with specific roles and responsibilities and how an individual could remain more dependent. External and supportive factors are the indicators that keep the society together, which is why Durkheim called them two types of social solidarity, mechanical solidarity and organic solidarity. In mechanical solidarity, “societies tend to be smaller, primitive but with a high degree of religious dedication, and people can have the same jobs and responsibilities but with a low division of labor” (Johnson, 2017). In
Social Solidarity and the Division of Labor traditional societies, individuals were more connected by their lifestyles, jobs, values, education, and religions. In early societies they were smaller than today and were in rural areas, so the division of labor was somewhat limited. In a society based on mechanical solidarity, the legal system was more repressive and disciplinary by the laws. In a society where an individual committed a crime, his punishment would be the same for all the people who committed the same crime because the individuals in that society had the same values and if one went against it, they all went in against too. However, it was a bit complicated because if there was a case where the offender had not been punished, the society would have looked as if it were weakening. It is not a complex society, but it is one based on responsibilities and roles.

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