15_476_120308_Meiji and Modern Japan

1890s tomiokasilkfactory sourcesofcapital government

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Unformatted text preview: entures Early industrialization Early industrialization Iron & shipbuilding Silk and cotton mills – 1880s & 1890s Tomioka silk factory Sources of capital Government – disinvestment in late 1870s Samurai lump sum payments Income from agriculture Samurai discontent Samurai discontent Varied fortunes of ex­samurai Rebellions of 1870s – 30 during 1873­78 Satsuma Rebellion (1877­8) – Saigo Takamori Popular rights movement – late 1870s­early 1880s Concept of “liberty” (jiyu) – spiritual dignity of loyalism Led to constitutional movement Constitutional monarchy Constitutional monarchy Constitutional debates Constitution European trip of Ito Hirobumi – 1882­3 Presented by emperor in 1889 Enacted 1890 Provisions: Emperor source of all authority Parliament (Diet) of 2 houses: Peers & Commoners Parliament not connected to cabinet The Meiji Restoration reconsidered The Meiji Restoration reconsidered Remarkable & path­breaking instance of modernization. Model for China & Korea. Two critical characteristics: 1. Driven by desire to “expel the barbarians” 2. Creation of an imperial cult: Semi­divine emperor & nationalist mythology. Absolutism in the interest of the state....
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