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Unformatted text preview: entures Early industrialization
Early industrialization Iron & shipbuilding
Silk and cotton mills – 1880s & 1890s Tomioka silk factory Sources of capital Government – disinvestment in late 1870s
Samurai lump sum payments
Income from agriculture Samurai discontent
Samurai discontent Varied fortunes of exsamurai
Rebellions of 1870s – 30 during 187378 Satsuma Rebellion (18778) – Saigo Takamori Popular rights movement – late 1870searly 1880s Concept of “liberty” (jiyu) – spiritual dignity of loyalism
Led to constitutional movement Constitutional monarchy
Constitutional monarchy Constitutional debates Constitution European trip of Ito Hirobumi – 18823 Presented by emperor in 1889
Enacted 1890 Provisions: Emperor source of all authority
Parliament (Diet) of 2 houses: Peers & Commoners
Parliament not connected to cabinet The Meiji Restoration reconsidered
The Meiji Restoration reconsidered Remarkable & pathbreaking instance of modernization. Model for China & Korea. Two critical characteristics:
1. Driven by desire to “expel the barbarians”
2. Creation of an imperial cult: Semidivine emperor & nationalist mythology.
Absolutism in the interest of the state....
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