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Unformatted text preview: d’ to be
a morally superior position.
If one person must die to find a cure for cancer, would YOU
kill them? What if that individual were a criminal? In a coma?
What do you think society would conclude?
If tissue from fetuses provide a cure for Alzheimer’s, is it
Animal rights activists take an ‘absolute’ or deontological
perspective on animal research. NOTE: Others can take a
deontological perspective and judge this form of research
APA takes a utilitarian view but does provide guidelines to
minimize suffering and to minimize the number of animals
used (required sample size).
Basic Ethical Guidelines for Psychological research
APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct
(NOTE!!! The book says Code of Content - typo).
Summary of the types of scientific integrity transgressions
Cost-Benefit Analysis: The APA way...
Improvement of research or assessment techniques
Benefits for researchers
Benefits for research participants
Potential Costs 8
Time and effort
Risks to mental or physical welfare
Equipment, salaries, and supplies
Balancing Benefits and Costs
The role of the IRB (Institutional Review Board) at one’s
IRB must have a minimum of 5 members from scientific *and*
At least 1 member can’t be associated with the institution in
any other way.
Researchers submit proposals and the IRB evaluates it.
Animal research, revisited
95% of all animal subjects in psych research are rats, mice, and
Psychologists’ attitudes toward research on animals
Ensure that subjects know what they’re in for
You are not required to divulge everything about the study
INFORMED CONSENT FORM
Problems with obtaining informed consent
Invasion of Privacy
Person has a right to decide “when, where, to whom, and to
what extent his or her attitudes, beliefs, and behavior will be
Public behavior okay
p. 321 of text - go through
Freedom from coercion to participate
Subjects should not be *required* to participate (e.g. as part of
Subjects can drop out at any time during a study.
Milgram’s shock study
Deception in Research
Concrete example: implicit learning
HOWEVER - Over 90% of subjects realize deception is
sometimes necessary and report positive feelings.
Alternatives to deception 9
Identities must be kept secure - no reporting of individual
Video tapes may need to be destroyed after a certain period of
time and they are n...
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This note was uploaded on 06/30/2012 for the course PSY 211 taught by Professor Chance during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.
- Spring '11