What if that individual were a criminal in a coma

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Unformatted text preview: d’ to be a morally superior position. Human research If one person must die to find a cure for cancer, would YOU kill them? What if that individual were a criminal? In a coma? What do you think society would conclude? If tissue from fetuses provide a cure for Alzheimer’s, is it acceptable? Animal research Animal rights activists take an ‘absolute’ or deontological perspective on animal research. NOTE: Others can take a deontological perspective and judge this form of research acceptable. APA takes a utilitarian view but does provide guidelines to minimize suffering and to minimize the number of animals used (required sample size). Basic Ethical Guidelines for Psychological research APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct (NOTE!!! The book says Code of Content - typo). Summary of the types of scientific integrity transgressions Cost-Benefit Analysis: The APA way... Potential benefits Basic knowledge Improvement of research or assessment techniques Practical outcomes Benefits for researchers Benefits for research participants Potential Costs 8 Time and effort Risks to mental or physical welfare Equipment, salaries, and supplies Other costs Balancing Benefits and Costs The role of the IRB (Institutional Review Board) at one’s institution IRB must have a minimum of 5 members from scientific *and* nonscientific disciplines. At least 1 member can’t be associated with the institution in any other way. Researchers submit proposals and the IRB evaluates it. Animal research, revisited 95% of all animal subjects in psych research are rats, mice, and birds Psychologists’ attitudes toward research on animals Detailed Requirements Informed Consent Ensure that subjects know what they’re in for You are not required to divulge everything about the study INFORMED CONSENT FORM Problems with obtaining informed consent Invasion of Privacy Person has a right to decide “when, where, to whom, and to what extent his or her attitudes, beliefs, and behavior will be revealed” Public behavior okay p. 321 of text - go through Freedom from coercion to participate Subjects should not be *required* to participate (e.g. as part of a course) Subjects can drop out at any time during a study. Milgram’s shock study Deception in Research Very common Examples Concrete example: implicit learning Objections HOWEVER - Over 90% of subjects realize deception is sometimes necessary and report positive feelings. Debriefing Alternatives to deception 9 Confidentiality Identities must be kept secure - no reporting of individual subject information. Video tapes may need to be destroyed after a certain period of time and they are n...
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This note was uploaded on 06/30/2012 for the course PSY 211 taught by Professor Chance during the Spring '11 term at University of Phoenix.

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