Unformatted text preview: Slide 1 School Violence
Marcy Carlone, M.A. Saint Joseph College Spring 2008 - Week 4 Slide 2 School Place Violence - Victimization There is a higher propensity toward school violence when the offenders are also victims of biological, social, and psychological conditions. None of that, however, can excuse violent behavior. Slide 3 Eight Categories of Risk Factors Character risks Underdeveloped mental abilities Presence of early aggressive behaviors Family relationships and influences Coercive style of parent-child interaction Exposure to violence and victimization Role of the media and its' impact on violence General influence of our culture The school system Slide 4 CHARACTER RISKS Birth complications resulting in brain dysfunction may directly and indirectly predispose one to violent behavior Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) Oppositional Defiant Disorder (ODD) Unable to control themselves and been criticized for nonconformist impulsive behavior Possible environmental toxicants Slide 5 Underdeveloped Mental Abilities Low verbal IQ which can lead to poor school achievement Drop out rate increases adding to higher rates of delinquency and higher rates of violent behavior Slide 6 Presence of Early Aggressive Behaviors Relationship between aggressive and violent behavior, childhood impulsivity, and temperament Children who are aggressive and violent in adolescence most often exhibited the same behavior in kindergarten and first grade Temperament may display: high activity levels inflexibility easy frustration impulse behavior distraction Slide 7 Eight Categories of Risk Factors Character Risks Underdeveloped Mental Abilities Presence of early aggressive behaviours Family relationships and influences Coercive style of parent-child interaction Exposure to violence and victimization Role of the media and its' impact on violence General influence of our culture Schools Slide 8 Family Relationships and Influences Concept: Parents of more aggressive children punish more frequently, but punishment is inconsistent and ineffective Parents tend to negatively reinforce coercive and manipulative behavior and fail to adequately reinforce positive, prosocial behaviors The raising of boys to be strong and silent may be promoting the outbreak of school shootings and violence Slide 9 Exposure to Violence and Victimization Exposure to violence, particularly victimization by violence, is associated with increased risk of perpetrating violence. Recent violence exposure was the most significant predictor of self-reported violent behavior in a study among thirdto eighth-grade students. Exposure to "community violence" for urban students was related to their selfreported violent behavior - gang activity. Slide 10 Role of the Media It is estimated that by the time a child reaches the age of 18 he or she will have witnessed more than 200,000 acts of television violence, including 33,000 murders. injure or harm others, appear approximately 8 to 12 times an hour on prime-time television and about 20 times per hour on children's programming. Violent acts - defined as acts intended to Slide 11 Role of the Media Three main effects of violence in the media: Children who are exposed to high levels of media violence are more accepting of aggressive attitudes and, after watching violence, behave more aggressively with peers More chronic and long-term exposure to violence can lead to desensitization to violence and its consequences Children who watch a lot of violence on television may develop a "mean world syndrome" Slide 12 General Influence of Our Culture Mixed messages are provided to the youth of our society just about everywhere they look Images of defiance and independence in such things as tattoos, body jewelry, clothing resembling gang attire, green hair, gothic style outfits, etc. These are not necessarily a threat to society, but these popular symbols do suggest something negative about the person. Computer "geeks" who are young tend to be loners get involved in pornography, building pipe bombs, destruction, etc Slide 13 The School System School conditions contribute to violence: Over-crowding High student-to-teacher ratio Insufficient curricular and course relevance; Low student academic achievement and apathy, giving rise to disruptiveness Poor facilities design and portable buildings that both increase isolation and hamper internal communication Inner city schools cannot maintain good teachers due to the perception of violence and crime Teachers have fear of disciplining students out of fear for their own safety combined with: Slide 14 SO, What is Bullying? According to Peter Fonagy, an internationally recognized authority on infant and child development: Bullying is nothing but child abuse by peers. Slide 15 BULLYING A type of antisocial behavior associated with violence. It involves students intimidating or threatening others or making students do things they do not want to do. It can contribute to an environment of fear and intimidation in schools. It is believed there is less bullying in private schools than in public schools. Slide 16 Possible Warning Signs of Violent Youth
Social withdrawal Feelings of being alone Excessive feelings of rejection Being a victim of violence Feelings of being picked on and persecuted Low school interest and poor academic performance Expression of violence in writings and drawings Serious threats of violence Uncontrolled anger Patterns of chronic hitting and bullying behaviors History of discipline problems Past history of violent and aggressive behaviors Intolerance for differences and prejudicial attitudes Drug and/or alcohol use Affiliation with gangs Inappropriate access to, possession of, and use of firearms Slide 17 American School Shootings -- Huntersville, NC, April 18, 2007: A teenager shot and killed himself shortly after pointing a handgun at two other students in a high school parking lot. -- Greenville, TX. March 7, 2007. A 16-year-old male high school student fatally shot himself while in the band hallway area of the school. No other students were injured. -- Tacoma, WA. January 3, 2007. An 18-year-old male high school student was arrested for shooting and killing a 17-year-old male student at their school. The suspect allegedly shot the victim in the face and then stood over him, firing twice more. -- Springfield Township, PA. December 12, 2006. A 16-year-old male high school shot and killed himself with an AK-47 in the hallway of his high school. The student, reportedly despondent over his grades, had the gun concealed in a camouflage duffle bag and fired one round in the ceiling to warn other students to get out of the way before committing suicide. Slide 18 American School Shootings -- Katy, TX. October 17, 2006. A 16-year-old male high school sophomore committed suicide by shooting himself with a handgun in the school's cafeteria courtyard. -- Nickel Mines, Pennsylvania. October 2, 2006. A truck driver walked into a one-room Amish schoolhouse with two rifles, a semi-automatic handgun, and 600 rounds of ammunition, selected all the female students, and shot them execution-style, killing five and seriously wounding six. The man then shot himself, apparently having left suicide notes beforehand. -- Cazenovia, Wisconsin. September 29, 2006. A student walked into a rural school with a pistol and a rifle and shot the principal several times, critically injuring him. -- Bailey, Colorado. September 27, 2006. A lone gunman enters a high school and holds six female students hostage, sexually assaults them, kills one of them, and then himself after a four-hour standoff. Slide 19 American School Shootings -- Hillsborough, North Carolina. August 30, 2006. After shooting his father to death, a student open fires at his high school, injuring two students. Deputies found guns, ammunition, and homemade pipe bombs in the student's car. The student had emailed Columbine High's Principal, telling him that it was "time the world remembered" the shootings at Columbine. -- Essex, Vermont. August 24, 2006. A gunman shoots five people, killing two of them, in a rampage through two houses and an elementary school, before wounding himself. -- Jacksboro, TN. Nov. 8, 2005: a 14 year-old student fatally shot an assistant principal and wounds a principal and an assistant principal, when they questioned him about whether he brought a gun to Campbell County Comprehensive High School. -- Red Lake Indian Reservation, Minnesota. March 21, 2005. The worst schoolrelated shooting incident since the Columbine shootings in April of 1999. Ten killed (shooter killed nine and then himself) and seven injured in rampage by high school student. -- Cumberland City, TN. March 2, 2005. School bus driver shot and killed while driving a school bus carrying approximately 20 students by a 14-year-old student who had been reported to administrators by the driver for chewing tobacco on the bus. Slide 20 American School Shootings -- Nine Mile Falls, Washington. December 10, 2004. A 16-year-old high school junior committed suicide at the high school's entryway. A canister holding fireworks, shotgun shells, and rifle cartridges was found in a backpack belonging to the student. -- Joyce, Washington. March 17, 2004. A 13-year-old student shot and killed himself in a school classroom where about 20 other students were present. The boy reportedly brought a .22-caliber rifle hidden in a guitar case and pulled it out during the 10 a.m. class. -- Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. February 11, 2004. A 10-year-old student was shot in the face and died after being shot outside a Philadelphia elementary school. A 56-year-old female school crossing guard was also shot in the foot as she tried to scurry children across the street as bullets were flying and children were on the playground. -- Washington, D.C. February 2, 2004. A 17-year-old male high school student died after being shot several times and another student was injured after shots were fired near the school's cafeteria. -- Henderson, Nevada. January 21, 2004. Gunman shoots and kills a hostage in his car on school campus. The gunman was allegedly looking for his ex-girlfriend as he searched the school full of children in an after-school program. ...
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- Spring '08
- Columbine High School massacre, American School Shootings