Unformatted text preview: Stranger Violence Marcy A. Carlone, M.A.
Saint Joseph College
Victimology – 2/28/2008
Slide 1 What is Stranger Violence? Robbery
Murder – Spontaneous Murder
– Serial Killers
– Felony Murder Assault
Drug Deals – gone bad
Motor Vehicle Theft
Hate or Bias Crimes
Slide 2 Robbery & Home Invasion Robbery: The felonious taking of property from a person or in the immediate presence
of a person by means of force or threat of
force. Home Invasion: Robberies which target residents unknown to the invaders, but
whose lifestyle or habits they may know.
Attacks are generally planned.
Slide 3 Carjacking Carjacking: The theft or attempted theft of a motor
vehicle by force or by threat of
force. Slide 4 Murder Murder is when someone has committed a crime that ends in loss of life for the victim. A murder can occur during the commission
of any type of crime, premeditated or not. The assailant may know or not know the
victim. For the purpose of this portion of class, the
murderer does not know the victim. Slide 5 Assault Assault can be occur in several forms and fall under several categories. Simple Assault Assault against person Assault against property Felonious Assault Breach of Peace Disorderly Conduct Slide 6 Rape / Sexual Assault Rape / Sexual Assault: Crime against person where the violence is sexual in nature and
where the victim does not know the
assailant. Stranger Rape Gang Rape Some Acquaintance Rape
Slide 7 Stranger Rape
Blitz Sexual Assault- The perpetrator rapidly and brutally assaults the victim with no prior
contact. Blitz assaults usually occur at night in a public place. Contact Sexual Assault- The suspect contacts the victim and tries to gain her or his trust
and confidence before assaulting her or him. Contact perpetrators pick their victims in
bars, lure them into their cars, or otherwise try to coerce the victim into a situation of
sexual assault. Home Invasion Sexual Assault- When a stranger breaks into the victim’s home to commit
the assault. Common Reactions:
Loss of control
Sense of vulnerability
Self-blame for "allowing" the crime to happen
Feeling that these reactions are a sign of weakness This section was adapted from materials provided by the Texas Association Against Sexual Assault.
Assault. Slide 8 Drugs/Gangs/Other Several stranger crimes today are due to drugs and gang-related activity. Drug crimes are often identified as “robbery”
or “assault” or “carjacking” as the offender is
often seeking items to turn over for cash or
for drugs. Gang activity also often mirrors “murder” or
“carjacking” or “assaults” as they are
perpetrated by strangers against strangers.
Slide 9 Hate or Bias Crimes Defining a Hate Crime A hate crime is a traditional offense like
murder, arson, or vandalism with an added
element of bias. For the purposes of
collecting statistics, Congress has defined a
hate crime as a "criminal offense against a
person or property motivated in whole or in
part by an offender's bias against a race,
religion, disability, ethnic origin or sexual
orientation." Hate itself is not a crime—and
the FBI is mindful of protecting freedom of
speech and other civil liberties.
Slide 10 ...
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- Spring '08
- assault, Misdemeanor