history - The fall of rome 337 Constantine died and the...

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The fall of rome 337 Constantine died and the empire struggled a great deal Western half of empire was lost to invaders Rome was sacked in 410 451-453 italy delt with invasions o Attila the hun o Was known as the scourge of god. . not a nice man o Steppes of Asia 476- fall of the roman empire Bye the end of the 5 th century, roman empire was split into kingdoms o The Vandals- settled in Africa and western Mediterranean o The franks- settled in northern Gaul (germany and northern france) o The angles and Saxons- overran western roman empire Germanic Life o Form of gov’t different from roman empire o Rural setting o Family and tribe Live on farms or small villages o Women had subordinate roles o Tribes had different groupings Free persons Slaves And half free persons (serfs) Slaves became less common because the tribes lifestyles were more settled… less raids and less opportunities to get slaves Slavery structured so they could get out of it, became serfs
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Social mobility-free persons could become serfs as well Merchants clergy and nobles- all free o Nobles made sure that it was “pure” – married only nobles so nobody could move in The Germanic States of Western Europe Most germans depended on agriculture Expected 2 crops every year Didn’t have tools or fertilizer- not great production Germanic Kingship o Begin as tribal chief o Successful warrior – could become a king o Kings played favorites Germanic states and legacy of rome Many of the roman groups converted to Christianity The germans admired roman culture Germans didn’t mean to destroy romans Germans were very rural, didn’t care about urban life- which was what romans were Franks Expanded westward into now modern france- Gaul Further they moved- less Germanic they became o Customs traditions etc The Merovingian Dynasty o Clovis took the throne –took power at 15 years old Ambitious, capable, very ruthless Primary goal was conquest Conversion to Christianity –everyone followed
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Holy wars instead of aggressive wars Franks considered themselves the protectors of the faith The Merovingian dynasty declined –land divided- political control turned to local officials These officials were called “Mayors of the palace” Charles the great emerged- AKA Charlemagne Charlemagne and the Carolingian Dynasty Charlemagne – 40 years in power o His rule was stable o Found a way to make the roman past, the Germanic way of life and Christianity work together o Devoted his reign to blending these 3 elements o Created foundation on which European society would develop o Society was rural- 3 classes o Peasants (those who work) Life was brutal and harsh for peasants-poverty and hardship Bad diet for peasants Some were Christians o Nobility (those who fight) Houses were bigger Rude in their behavior Didn’t bathe! Religious beliefs- similar to peasants
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 101 taught by Professor Hardin during the Fall '07 term at Wisc Oshkosh.

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history - The fall of rome 337 Constantine died and the...

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