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SOC1002DemographyEnvironment.pptx - DEMOGRAPHY &...

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DEMOGRAPHY &ENVIRONMENTALSOCIOLOGY
OUTLINEPart 1: DemographyPart 2: Sociology of the Environment
PART I:DEMOGRAPHYDemography: “thestudy of the causesand consequences ofpopulation growth”(Teelucksingh 2014, p.321).
Birth rate:“an indication of the reproductive patternsof women of childbearing age” (Teelucksingh 2014, p,321)Crude birth rate:“the number of live births in a givenyear for every 1000 people in a population” (ibid).Death rate:“number of deaths in a given year per1000 people” (ibid, p. 322)Infant mortality rate:“number of deaths of childrenless than one year of age per 1000 live births in thesame year” (ibid)Life expectancy:median number of years one canexpect to live in a given society (In Canada, men=78.5, women= 83.1 years)Growth rate:difference between births and deathsplus immigration and emigration
THEORIZING WORLDPOPULATION
THOMAS MALTHUS(1766-1834)“An Essay on the Principleof Population” 1798Three main themes:People like sex: strong moral, orother restrictions are the onlythings to curb desire for sexPeople are very fertile: early andfrequent mating will lead to greatpopulation growthResources like food productioncan’t keep upKARL MARX (1818-1883)Saw the distribution ofwealth and resources thesource of social ills ratherthan population growth.
DEMOGRAPHICTRANSITION THEORYThree phases: 1) high birth rates and high deathrates= low pop growth, situation of underdevelopedsocieties2) high birth rates, lowered death rates= high popgrowth (transitional phase)3) lowered birth rates, lowered death rates= lownatural increase
TWODEMOGRAPHICSTUDIES
CHILDLESSNESS AND SOCIO-ECONOMICCHARACTERISTICS: WHAT DOES THE CANADIAN2006 GENERAL SOCIAL SURVEY TELL US?

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