6_01_american_prologue - Part six The world turned upside down Chronology 1773 Boston Tea Party 1775 Fighting at Lexington and Bunker Hill 1776 American

6_01_american_prologue - Part six The world turned upside...

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Part six The world turned upside down
264 1773: ‘Boston Tea Party’. 1775: Fighting at Lexington and Bunker Hill. 1776: American Declaration of Independence. 1781: British defeat at Yorktown. 1780s to 1830s : Spread of factory system and mining in Britain. 1789: Storming of Bastille, beginning of French Revolution. 1791: Slave revolt in St Domingue. 1792: French revolutionary war, Battle of Valmy, execution of king. 1793-94: Jacobins rule France, end of feudal dues, ‘terror’. 1794 Fall of Jacobins, ‘Thermidor’. 1793-98: British take over Saint Domingue, defeated by ex-slave army. 1797: British naval mutinies. 1798: Rising against British rule in Ireland, formation of Orange Order to combat it. 1799: Combination laws ban trade unions in Britain. Napoleon takes all power in France. 1801-03: Napoleon tries to reimpose slavery in Haiti, imprisonment and death of Toussaint, Dessalines leads ex- slave army to victory. 1804: Beethoven’s Eroica symphony. 1805: Napoleon becomes emperor. 1807: Hegel’s Phenomenology of Mind. 1807: Britain bans slave trade. 1810: First risings against Spanish rule in Mexico and Venezuela. 1810-16: ‘Luddites’ attack machines in north of England. 1814-15: Napoleon defeated. Restoration of old monarchs. Waterloo. 1811-18: Publication of novels by Jane Austen and Walter Scott. 1819: ‘Peterloo’ massacre of working class demonstrators. 1830: Revolution in Paris replaces one monarch by another. 1830s: Novels by Stendhal and Balzac. 1830: World’s first passenger railway. 1831: Faraday discovers electric induction. 1832: British middle class gets vote. 1834: Poor Law Amendment Act establishes workhouses in Britain. 1838-39: Chartist movement demands vote for workers. 1839-42: Opium War against China. 1842: General strike in Lancashire. 1840s to 1860s: Novels of Dickens, George Eliot, Brontës. Mid-1840s: T’ai-p’ing rebels take control of nearly half of China. 1846-49: Great Irish Famine. 1847: The Communist Manifesto. Spring 1848: Revolutions across Europe, unsuccessful rising in Ireland, last great Chartist demonstration in London. June 1848: Crushing of workers’ movement by French bourgeoisie. 1848-49: Restoration of old monarchies across Europe. 1850s and 1860s: Spread of industry to Germany and France. 1843-56: British complete conquest of northern India. 1857: Indian Mutiny. 1857-60: Second Opium War, colonial ‘concessions’ in Chinese cities. 1859: Darwin’s The Origin of Species. 1859-71: Italy unified under king. 1861: American Civil War begins. Tsar ends serfdom in Russia. 1863: Lincoln declares end of slavery. 1865: Defeat of American South. 1864: T’ai-p’ing rebels finally crushed by British led troops. 1866: Nobel discovers dynamite. 1867: Meiji revolution from above ends feudal rule of Tokugawa in Japan. 1867: Marx publishes Capital . 1870: Franco-Prussian War. Fall of Louis Bonaparte. 1871: Paris Commune, workers control city, then Republican government attacks city, killing thousands. 1871: Bismarck establishes German Empire under Prussian monarchy.

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