shakespeare midterm study guide - Sonnets Wednesday 5:33 PM...

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Sonnets Wednesday, July 06, 2011 5:33 PM Early Modern Period Values: Women - property, behave a certain way, listen to the man, be obedient, subservient, chased Idea of lordship Hierarchy: Men, women, then children The Great Chain of Being: God Angels Pope Monarch Nobility (intimate blood relatives of monarch) Aristocracy Middle Class Peasants Criminals Animals Plants Stones Demons Satan Queen Elizabeth - problematic for hierarchy Lots of women in this period (Mary Tudor, Mary Queen of Scots). Clash between politics and domestic ideology Pope also a problem. Rise of middle class Rise of absolutism Absolutism- weakening of nobility, rise of middle class/aristocracy because the monarch wants more power and brings his friends up to replace his noble relatives His parents may have been secret catholics Shakespeare doesn't like intolerance and doesn't like persecution Theatre- globe. 2 hour plays. Daylight. No costumes. Simple sets. Interactive. Standing. What we know about his life is based on sonnets, read as if they were biography Really we know almost nothing
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1609 published first sonnets 126 addressed to young man, the rest to a dark lady 1st 17 are called the procreative sonnets Extremely attached to a noble, young, pretty man Definitely having a sexual relationship with "the dark lady" He considers her hot and beautiful but against stereotypes of the time Speaker in sonnets is upset because the dark lady and the young man have hooked up and he's jealous Sonnets are 14 lines, iambic pentameter Italian form: octave and sestet. Abba abba cde cde English form/Shakespearean: 3 quatrains and a couplet abab cdcd efef gg (couplet = coda) Sonnet 2: How do we attain immortality? Children The theme of the necessity of procreation found in Sonnet 1 continues here. The poet's lover is clearly handsome, and much desired. But the poet stresses his beauty will not last, and that it is selfish and foolish for his friend not to prepare for the loss of his youth. The only way he can truly prepare is to have a son who can carry on his name and all his wonderful qualities, including his unsurpassed beauty. Sonnet 18: Petrarchian exaggerates a ton with comparisons so Shakespeare turns it on its head and does comparisons and then says no. Nature takes away everything Shakespeare gave him immortality in the form of a poem Sonnet 20: Natural, no make-up I love you Steal's men's eyes and women's souls For a woman created Nature overdid it Nothing = vagina
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Sonnet 27: Sonnet 73: Growing old Bare-ruined choirs: political destruction Late the sweet birds sang - time Losing his ability to write I'm about to die Your body betrays you I am therefore more previous to you. Complete turnaround in the couplet Sonnet 129: Lust wrecks you Disorder in rhythm/iambig pentameter gone No metaphor except "as a swallowed bait" Everyone knows this Pissed because he thinks that the man and the dark lady have slept together
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Sonnet 130: Again makes fun of petrarchan poetry Metaphors are not true But turnaround in couplet and praises her
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