Monthly Current Affairs Consolidation June 2020 – Part II.pdf

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Unformatted text preview: Current Affairs (CONSOLIDaTION) June 2020 (Part – II) Drishti, 641, First Floor, Dr. Mukherjee Nagar, Delhi-110009 Phone: 87501 87501, WhatsApp: 92058 85200, IVR: 8010-440-440 Email: [email protected] Contents Polity and Governance............................................................................ 1 z Secrecy of Ballot............................................................................................................................................................1 z Amendments in Postal Ballot System..........................................................................................................................2 z Speaker and Anti-Defection Law..................................................................................................................................3 z National People’s Party.................................................................................................................................................4 z Custodial Violence.........................................................................................................................................................5 z Civil Services Board.......................................................................................................................................................6 z Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan.......................................................................................................................................7 z Increased Funding for Panchayats...............................................................................................................................8 z Assessment of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana............................................................................................................9 z Extension to OBC Sub-Categorisation Commission..................................................................................................10 z BharatNet Project.........................................................................................................................................................11 z National Statistics Day................................................................................................................................................12 z Navigating the New Normal: NITI Aayog....................................................................................................................13 z R&D Portal for Mining: SATYABHAMA........................................................................................................................14 z First Bell: Kerala...........................................................................................................................................................14 z YUKTI 2.0: Platform for Higher Education Institutes.................................................................................................15 z Global Education Monitoring Report 2020: UNESCO.................................................................................................15 Economic Scenario................................................................................17 z Co-operative Banks Under RBI Supervision...............................................................................................................17 z Liquidity Measures Extended for Banks.....................................................................................................................18 z Increase in Money Supply...........................................................................................................................................19 z Rise in Net Financial Assets........................................................................................................................................20 z Electricity (Amendment) Bill 2020...............................................................................................................................21 z Indian Gas Exchange: IGX...........................................................................................................................................22 z World Investment Report: UNCTAD............................................................................................................................23 z 4% Contraction in Growth: ADB...................................................................................................................................24 z New Purchasing Power Parities: ICP 2017.................................................................................................................24 z Country of Origin Made Mandatory on GeM...............................................................................................................26 z Initial Public Offer: LIC.................................................................................................................................................26 z Turant Customs...........................................................................................................................................................27 z Interest Subvention Scheme for Shishu Loan Accounts...........................................................................................28 z PM Formalization of Micro Food Processing Enterprises Scheme...........................................................................29 z Anti-dumping Duty on Steel Imports..........................................................................................................................29 z National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.........................................................................................................30 International Relations..........................................................................31 z AIIB Loan for India.......................................................................................................................................................31 z Iran Blocking Sites Access: IAEA................................................................................................................................32 z China to Join UN Arms Trade Treaty..........................................................................................................................32 z USA Sanctions Against the International Criminal Court..........................................................................................33 z Russia-India-China Grouping.....................................................................................................................................34 z Financial Action Task Force........................................................................................................................................36 z Victory Day Parade......................................................................................................................................................37 z Tariff Exemption on Bangladesh Exports: China........................................................................................................38 z Senkaku Islands...........................................................................................................................................................39 z 70 Years of Korean War...............................................................................................................................................40 z UN 75 Declaration........................................................................................................................................................41 z Kholongchhu Hydropower Project..............................................................................................................................42 z USA Extends Ban on Work Visas.................................................................................................................................43 z 36th ASEAN Summit....................................................................................................................................................44 Science and Technology........................................................................46 z Private Sector Participation in Space ........................................................................................................................46 z Gateway Lunar Orbiting Outpost.................................................................................................................................47 z Micius: A Quantum-Enabled Satellite.........................................................................................................................48 z Global Partnership on Artificial Intelligence...............................................................................................................49 z Covaxin Approved for Human Clinical Trials..............................................................................................................50 z Dexamethasone Drug..................................................................................................................................................50 z Antiviral Drug Umifenovir............................................................................................................................................51 z Kala- azar Disease.......................................................................................................................................................52 z World Sickle Cell Day 2020..........................................................................................................................................53 z I-Lab: Mobile Testing Facility......................................................................................................................................54 z The Paper Microscope: Foldscope.............................................................................................................................54 z Raw Material Uncertainties for Rechargeable Batteries: UNCTAD...........................................................................55 z HAM Radio....................................................................................................................................................................56 Environment and Ecology......................................................................57 z Largest Decline in Arctic Sea Ice.................................................................................................................................57 z Land Use Changes & Zoonoses..................................................................................................................................58 z Assessment of Climate Change over the Indian Region: MoES................................................................................59 z Forest Fires...................................................................................................................................................................60 z Olms in Postojna Cave of Slovenia.............................................................................................................................61 z International Horseshoe Crab Day..............................................................................................................................62 z World Crocodile Day.....................................................................................................................................................62 z Smuggling of Exotic Macaws......................................................................................................................................64 z Gee’s Golden Langur....................................................................................................................................................65 z Fishing Cats..................................................................................................................................................................65 z Money Laundering and the Illegal Wildlife Trade.......................................................................................................66 z Increased Ozone Pollution..........................................................................................................................................67 z Gynandromorphism.....................................................................................................................................................68 z Uganda Submitted REDD+ Results.............................................................................................................................69 z Pollinator Week............................................................................................................................................................70 z Coccolithophores: Ancient Marine Algae...................................................................................................................71 z Land Transfer of Gangotri National Park....................................................................................................................71 History..................................................................................................72 z Variyamkunnath Kunjahammed Haji..........................................................................................................................72 z Founder of Ahom Kingdom: Chaolung Sukapha........................................................................................................73 z PV Narasimha Rao.......................................................................................................................................................74 z Dr. Joseph Mar Thoma................................................................................................................................................74 Geography.............................................................................................76 z Earthquakes and Delhi-NCR........................................................................................................................................76 z Mt. Merapi of Indonesia...............................................................................................................................................77 z Earth’s Mantle and Evolution of Life...........................................................................................................................78 z Presena Glacier Covered with Tarps...........................................................................................................................79 z Ocean Mapping: Seabed 2030 Project........................................................................................................................79 z Annular Solar Eclipse...................................................................................................................................................80 Art & Culture..........................................................................................81 z International Day of Yoga............................................................................................................................................81 z Kodumanal Excavation................................................................................................................................................81 z Talamaddale.................................................................................................................................................................82 z India’s Assistance for Pashupatinath Temple...........................................................................................................83 z Ashadhi Bij....................................................................................................................................................................83 Social Issues.........................................................................................85 z World Drug Report 2020: UN.......................................................................................................................................85 z Anti Drug Action Plan for 2020-21..............................................................................................................................86 z Jal Jeevan Mission......................................................................................................................................................87 z India TB Report 2020...................................................................................................................................................88 z Extension of Food Grain Scheme................................................................................................................................90 z STARS Programme: World Bank.................................................................................................................................90 z Sanskritik Sadbhav Mandap: PMJVK.........................................................................................................................92 Miscellaneous.......................................................................................94 z Axone: Ethnic Cuisine of Northeast India...................................................................................................................94 z World Refugee Day.......................................................................................................................................................94 z Sankalp Parva: Plantation of Trees.............................................................................................................................94 z Advanced Torpedo Decoy System: Maareech...........................................................................................................95 z Anthropause Period.....................................................................................................................................................95 w w w. d r i s h ti IA S. c om CURRENT AFFAIRS JUNE 2020 Polity and Governance Highlights z Secrecy of Ballot z Extension to OBC Sub-Categorisation Commission z Amendments in Postal Ballot System z BharatNet Project z Speaker and Anti-Defection Law z National Statistics Day z National People’s Party z Navigating the New Normal: NITI Aayog z Custodial Violence z R&D Portal for Mining: SATYABHAMA z Civil Services Board z First Bell: Kerala\ z Garib Kalyan Rojgar Abhiyaan z YUKTI 2.0: Platform for Higher Education Institutes z Increased Funding for Panchayats z Global Education Monitoring Report 2020: UNESCO z Assessment of Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana Secrecy of Ballot Why in News In a recent judgement, the Supreme Court has held that secrecy of ballot is the cornerstone of free and fair elections. ¾ The choice of a voter should be free which is ensured by the secret ballot system in a democracy. Key Points ¾ Highlights of the Judgement: € The SC held that the principle of secrecy of ballots is an important postulate of constitutional democracy and referred to Section 94 of the Representation of People Act (RPA) 1951. z The section upholds the privilege of the voters to maintain confidentiality about their choice of the vote. € The law must protect the right of voters to the secrecy of the ballot. Even a remote or distinct possibility that a voter can be forced to disclose for whom she/he has voted would act as a positive constraint and a check on the freedom to exercise the franchise. a voter can also voluntarily waive the privilege of non-disclosure. € However, Note: z The privilege ends when the voter decides to waive i...
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