psychology module 1 notes - Module 1 The History and Scope...

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Module 1 The History and Scope  of Psychology
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Outline What is Psychology Philosophical Developments Pioneers of Psychology Psychology’s Roots Contemporary Psychology The Profession of Psychology Areas of Specialization Professional Work Settings
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What is Psychology? A set of questions about mental functioning trace back to philosophy Aristotle asked about memory, personality, emotions, etc. A set of theories and procedures for asking and answering questions the scientific method evolved over centuries, first in physics A product of history philosophy asked many of the basic questions physiology used similar methods
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Philosophical Developments Question: How are mind and body related? Dualism - body and soul are separate but interrelated (Socrates and Plato) origins in medieval religion soul is seat of intellectual function and will mind is product of the soul mind not subject to scientific inquiry to challenge this was punishable by death
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Philosophical Developments Question: How are mind and body related? Monism - body and soul are NOT separate (Aristotle) Knowledge is not preexisting Develops through experiences Stored in memories
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Philosophical Developments Question: How are mind and body related? Rene Descartes (1596-1650) - modified dualism since animals have no soul, much behavior does not require soul the body can therefore control much behavior led him to study reflexes the soul’s main function is thought, a uniquely human attribute
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Materialism: Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) mind is a product of the brain soul is not involved in human behavior Empiricism: knowledge and intellect are acquired sensory experiences produce elementary ideas elementary ideas become associated into complex thought and ideas Question: How are mind and body related? Empiricism vs. Nativism
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYC 1101 taught by Professor Hasse during the Spring '08 term at Mansfield University of Pennsylvania.

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psychology module 1 notes - Module 1 The History and Scope...

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