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Congress of Vienna and the Revolution of 1848 Prompt- Write a one page "informal" essay explaining the importance of the Congress of Vienna and the riots of 1848 During the first decade of the 19 th century, Napoleon Bonaparte, emperor of France, set out to conquer all of Europe. He waged war against the rulers of Austria, Prussia, and Russia. He had already annexed the Austrian Netherlands and parts of Italy and set up a puppet government in Switzerland. Napoleon s battles earned him control over most of Europe, only excluding the kingdoms of Britain, Portugal, Sweden, and the Ottoman Empire. His ambitions led him to undertake military campaigns to crush Britain, but battle caused him to make costly mistakes. As a result Britain, Russia. Prussia, and Sweden to join Forces against him. He was defeated, forced to give up his throne, and went into exile in Elba, an island off the coast of Italy. In what became known as The Hundred Days , the new leader of France, Louis XVIII lost popularity among the French people and Napoleon escaped from Elba and once again became emperor France. In response, the European allies marshaled their armies and once again defeated Napoleon. This time he was exiled to an island in the South Atlantic and died there in 1821. Europe had been so

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