Lecture 3 - Britain and the Netherlands

Lecture 3 - Britain and the Netherlands - Charles I...

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BRITAIN AND THE NETHERLANDS Netherlands, not Holland Britain: geographical term Great Britain: political term (from 1707) 1603: Elizabeth I (Tudor) dies; James I (Stuart) succeeds Contrasts: Monarchy vs. republic: stadtholder Orange-Nassau Stability: English Civil War: 1642-49 Charles I executed 1649 Similarities: Financial trailblazers state banks, joint-stock companies Wool and textiles Protestant Church of Scotland: Presbyterian (Calvinist) Church of England founded 1534 Coastal shift from Mediterranean to Atlantic Colonial trading empires East India Companies Concerned about Louis XIV’s France Liberty religious liberty Jews in Netherlands constitution not written U.S. Constitution: 1787 (Magna Carta, 1215) habeas corpus House of Lords, House of Commons Members of Parliament “power of the purse” James I (ruled in England 1603-25): “divine right of kings”
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Unformatted text preview: Charles I (1625-49) personal rule: 1629-40 Puritans Archbishop of Canterbury English anti-Catholicism partly geopolitical trial: treason against the people Commonwealth of England (1649-60) Protectorate (1653-60): Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector (1653-58) religious toleration (of Dissenters, Jews) (Dissent = Nonconformity = Non-Anglican Protestants) Presbyterian, Congregationalist, Independent, Baptist, etc. Charles II (1660-85) restrictions on Dissenters James II (1685-88) 1685: Louis XIVs revocation of Edict of Nantes Huguenot exodus son born: leapfrogs half-sister Mary in line of succession William of Orange William and Mary dual monarchs Bill of Rights (1689): Protestant on throne Declaration of Right (1689): restrictions on peacetime standing army...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course HIST 102 taught by Professor Semmel during the Spring '08 term at University of Delaware.

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Lecture 3 - Britain and the Netherlands - Charles I...

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