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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 3: Egypt: Religious Culture and the Afterlife The third chapter of Documents in World History describes ancient Egypt civilization, particularly its religious beliefs. Religion was of the utmost importance to the Egyptian people; they worshipped many gods for different but specific purposes, making them polytheistic. Of these gods, the most important was Re, god of the sun. Another very revered god was Osiris; he had “power over the passage after death” – the afterlife. Ancient Egyptians believed that life continued after death, known as the afterlife. According to tradition, when a person dies, they are to be judged by Osiris. The deceased’s heart was weighed against a single feather (which represented Ma’at). If the person lived a good life with respect to Ma’at, their heart would weigh less than the feather and they would be granted access to the afterlife in the Field of Reeds. If the deceased’s heart was heavier than the feather, a demon (part crocodile, part lion, and part...
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