midterm theology terms

midterm theology terms - Eric Hillman THE 1000C: Midterm...

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Eric Hillman THE 1000C: Midterm Review Sheet Terms Iconodule- One who supports the veneration of icons Sacrificial Atonement- Making up for one’s sins with a sacrificial offering; specifically in Christianity, the idea that our sins are forgiven through the death of Jesus Christ on the cross Icon- A visual representation of Christ, his mother, angels or saints. This religious art form is usually associated with Eastern Christianity. Patriarchal Sees- The “heading or leading seats” of early Christianity, that is the five cities which were the most important Christian centers: Rome, Jerusalem, Alexandria, Antioch, and Constantinople. Constantinople- A major city in what is modern-day Turkey, and a center of Christianity; formerly the capital of the Eastern Roman Empire (or Byzantine Empire); seat of one of the five patriarchs (along with the bishops of Rome, Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem) who together governed Christianity in its early centuries; seat of the foremost of the four patriarchs (along with the bishops of Alexandria, Antioch, and Jerusalem) who govern the Eastern Orthodox Church to this day. Justification by Faith- The theory that one cannot achieve a right relationship with God through good works but can be justified by God as a free gift to one who accepts it through faith. Papal Primacy- Referring to the Pope as a monarch, or sole leader, or the church Apostle- From the Greek word apostello, this means “to send out.” It is used by Christians to refer to “one who is sent out by Jesus to preach word about him.”
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Hagia Sophia- The great “Church of Holy Wisdom” in Constantinople, where the patriarch of Constantinople, where the patriarch of Constantinople held services and the Byzantine emperors were crowned, until A.D. 1453, when the city of Constantinople was conquered by the Muslims and the church became a mosque. Jerusalem Conference- A meeting of Christian leaders held in Jerusalem in 48 or 49 C.E. It was attended by Paul and Barnabas and the leaders of the Jerusalem church, and its purpose was to determine whether Gentile converts to Christianity needed to follow all of the requirements of Judaism. Iconoclast- One who is apposed to the veneration of icons Paul- A first century Jew who embraced belief in Jesus Christ after a visionary experience on the way to Damascus. He became a missionary for the Christian way, establishing churches throughout Asia Minor. Several of his letters are preserved in the New Testament. Filioque-
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midterm theology terms - Eric Hillman THE 1000C: Midterm...

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