HIST_TOPIC_3_SHAH_WALLI_ULLAH_.pdf - Topic 3 SHAH WALLI...

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History Hand outs prepared by USMAN HAMEED 03224557967 Page 1 Topic 3 SHAH WALLI ULLAH (1703-1762) Early Biographical detail: Shah Wali Ullah Muhaddis Dehlvi was born on February 21, 1703 at Delhi , just when the reign of Aurangzeb was nearing its end. He was named Qutb-ud-Din , but is better known by his title of Wali Ullah, given to him by virtue of his goodness and piety. His father, Shah Abdul Rahim , was a sufi and theologian of great repute. He was the founding member and teacher of the Madrasa-i-Rahimiyah in Delhi and also taught there for 12 years. He was influenced by Sheikh Abu Tahir bin Ibrahim , a renowned scholar of the time. Beliefs: Shah Wali Ullah believed that Islam has lost its purity in the subcontinent. Hindu customs, practices and beliefs had crept into the worships and lives of the Muslims. It had become very important to tell the Muslims what was Islamic and what were simply myths and traditions. During the reign of SWU, Mughal/Muslim rule declined sharply. He believed that the real cause of Musliŵs’ deĐliŶe was their igŶoraŶĐe froŵ the teaĐhiŶgs of QuraŶ aŶd SuŶŶah. He waŶted the Musliŵs to implement Islamic teachings in all spheres of their lives social, political, economic and religious. This would enable them to restore their pride and improve their living conditions. He also believed that a number of social evils had corrupted the Islamic society. He wanted to transform the society in the light of Islamic teachings. He wanted the rulers to enforce Islamic laws e.g. Islam condemns social injustice and protects the rights of peasants and workers. He urged the rich Muslims to lead pure life and stay away from luxury and extravagance. He also urged the traders to follow Islamic laws in their dealings. He wanted to eradicate the sectarian differences that were undermining the foundations of Muslim unity. Shah Wali Ullah wanted to protect Muslim religion, identity, values and interests. He believed that under the influence of infidels, Muslims will forget Islam and with the passage of time it would become difficult to distinguish them from non-Muslims. He therefore wished to revive the teachings of Quran and Sunnah in the subcontinent.
History Hand outs prepared by USMAN HAMEED 03224557967 Page 2 Works: 1. Religious Services Shah Wali-Ullah rendered many religious services. He completed

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