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yancey1and2complete - Yancey, Ch. 1: Alienation and Race in...

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Yancey, Ch. 1: Alienation and Race in the United States What is the significance of the American Truism… “By the year 2050 we will not have a majority race in the US. Whites will be a numerical racial minority, albeit the largest minority in the country”? Is it supported by hard factual evidence? See Table 1.1 (p.2) What kind of reactions tend to arise from the “whites as minority thesis?” It is important to support multiculturalism, racial reconciliation and diversity, since it is on the horizon, destined to increase quickly. If this same thesis were formulated by about 1975 in 1925 would the there have been any truth to it? Yes and No The Ethnic Composition of those considered white differed in 1925. The perception of who was “white” the majority didn’t include the Southern and Eastern Europeans who had be immigrating By 1975 this Ethnic group was significantly assimilated. The problem with this thesis as a whole is that assumes that “all racial minority groups will face the same level of rejection that they have” in the past. It maintains that all racial minority groups are in a similar position in the US. It doesn’t recognize the important differences between the black and nonblack racial minorities ability to become assimilated. Let’s consider Arabs as an ethnic group. What is the fate of these émigrés? ASSIMILATION Yancey elaborates on the concept without addressing the question of whether it is desirable (We will consider this issue in light of future readings) Yancey wants to make it possible for social scientists to know whether racial minorities successfully enter into the assimilation process. He argues that we must know the degree to which they are accepted.
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The greater the acceptance, the more they have the opportunity to assimilate. As a minority group is assimilated it adopts more of the social attitudes of the majority—dominant group; it is less likely to share those attitude when not accepted. Milton Gordon: The “Straight line Assimilation” thesis Structural assimilation: “the entrance of minority groups into primary group relationships with majority group members” p. 5. Marital assimilation: the intermarriage of minority group members with members of the majority, dominant group Structural Marital “Civic” assimilation =/= Civic assimilation is the resituating of the racial minority in the majority, dominant group. This cannot occur without a high level of “Identificational assimilation” -- where minority identifies with majority group and the idea of race loses its force. Social attitudes of the minority are close enough to the majority to support the “racial status quo” The way in which we know if assimilation is occurring is by measuring change in social attitudes Alejandro Portes and Min Zhou are critics of Gordon who develop the “Segmental Assimilation” thesis Their opposition stems from the idea that adapting the view of the dominant group is objectionable. It would be better to form a “transnational identity.” These authors consider the difference in the experience of first generation
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SOC 1376 taught by Professor Barton during the Spring '08 term at Temple.

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yancey1and2complete - Yancey, Ch. 1: Alienation and Race in...

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