notes, october 18 - Western Civilization*3 things to focus...

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Western Civilization 10/18/07 * 3 things to focus on (500-1500): 1. Byzantium: Constantinople. Greek. More urban/ more cities. Conflict with Rome-1054 break with Rome. Why did they break?-Filioque. Declining empire. Empire fell because Goths/Slavic invaders. Justinian’s Code, tried to push back Muslim influences. 1453 Turks expelled all westerners from Turkey. 2. Islam : Prophet Muhammad (570-632) Follow the Koran (Qur’an) Five Pillars of Islam : 1. Pray 5 times a day, towards Mecca. 2. Repeat the creed. 3. Alms to the poor 4. Ramadan Fast 5. Pilgrimage to Mecca 622 fled to Medina-Hegira Jihad-Holy War
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732 Muslims are stopped at tours in France. Stopped Muslims from going into France. Sunnis: follow traditional teachings Shiites: Imams (pastors), give spiritual guidance. Golden Age of Islam was under the Abbasid rulers. Philopshy: Avicenna, Averroes. 3. Medieval Europe: After 476 the rulers were Germans- leader Theodoric. Germans were tribal (ethne) Communities break down, because of lack of infrastructure.
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