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Running head: THEORY CRITIQUE 1 Theory Critique Lauren Kemeny Maryville University NUR 600 September 29, 2019
THEORY CRITIQUE 2 Abstract This paper will be evaluating Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory. This will be accomplished utilizing Chinn & Kramer’s nursing theory model, a two-set process including that will describe the theory and show a critical reflection. The first description will assess the purpose, concepts, definitions, relationships, and assumptions made in this theory. Then the paper will address the critical reflection will analyze this theory for clarity, simplicity, generalizability, accessibility, and importance.
THEORY CRITIQUE 3 Theory Critique Nursing has endured many fluctuations over the past few decades. However, it was always centered about the uncomplicated principal of caring for the patient by meeting their basic needs. “On a daily basis, nurses are dealing with many phenomena that need describing and explaining, and they are responsible for helping clients achieve their health goals through a wide range of activities, ranging from assessing to evaluating, from the technical to the highly abstract” (Meleis, 2018). Therefore, it is essential to have a precise nursing theory to clarify and examine what nurses do. “Benefits of a well-defined nursing theory includes better patient care, improved communication between nurses, enhanced professional status for nurses and guidance for research and education” ( Morris, Pfeifer, Catalano, Fortney, Nelson, Rabito & Harap, 2009) . Virginia Henderson’s Needs Theory is still considered today one of the most famous nursing theories because her explanation of nursing describes primary nursing care that is rational and simple to follow. Virginia Henderson Virginia Henderson was known as the “First Lady of Nursing,” and “The Nightingale of Modern Nursing.” She received nominal doctorate degrees and was an Honorary Fellow of the American Academy of Nursing. Heavy influenced from Nightingale’s era that had upheld a nurse’s identity as someone who assists with hygiene, nutrition, breathing, direction, etc., she used her wisdom and experience to help co-author the 5 th and 6 th editions of Textbook of Principles and Practice of Nursing . She wanted to change the viewpoint of the nursing to someone who supports individuals (sick or well) in their routine of these actions that they would perform unaided if they had the strength, will or knowledge, in order to contribute to their well-
THEORY CRITIQUE 4 being. Her philosophy concentrates on the importance of the patient’s independence underlining the basic human needs and how nurses can assist in meeting those needs. “I believe that the function the nurse performs is primarily an independent one – that of acting for the patient when he lacks knowledge, physical strength, or the will to act for himself as he would ordinarily act in health, or in carrying out prescribed therapy. This function is seen as complex and creative, as offering unlimited opportunity for the application of the physical, biological, and social sciences and the development of skills based on them.” (Henderson, 1960).

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