4-2 Notes OB - 4/2/08 Organizational Behavior Notes...

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Organizational Behavior Notes Organizational Structure o Definitions: How job tasks are formally divided, grouped, and coordinated Key Elements Work specialization Departmentalization Chain of Command Span of Control Centralization and decentralization Formalization Centralization The degree to which decision making is concentrated at a single point in the organization Decentralization The degree to which decision making is spread throughout the organization Formalization The degree to which jobs within the organization are standardized o New Design Options Team Structure The use of teams as the central device to coordinate work activities Characteristics o Breaks down departmental barriers o Decentralizes decision making to the team level o Requires employees to be generalists as well as specialists o Creates a “flexible bureaucracy” Virtual Organization A small, core organization that outsources its major business functions Highly centralized with little or no departmentalization Concepts: o Advantage: Provides maximum flexibility while concentrating on what the organization does best o Disadvantage: Reduced control over key parts of the business Boundaryless Organization An organization that seeks to eliminate the chain of command, have limitless spans of control, and replace departments with empowered teams. T-form Concepts
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course BA 3361 taught by Professor Davidritchey during the Spring '08 term at University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.

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4-2 Notes OB - 4/2/08 Organizational Behavior Notes...

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