13 - Philosophy 1 3/5/2008 3:59:00 PM Ryle's Objection to...

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05/03/2008 18:59:00 Ryle’s Objection to Cartesian Dualism Objection: Cartesian Dualism  and  the interaction problem for it rest on a  category mistake . A category mistake results whenever one kind of thing or fact is presented as  belonging to another kind. The big question for Cartesian Dualists is: How can the mind cause the body  to behave in various ways? Ryle – This question results from the following category mistake: it  presupposes, falsely, that minds (and the mental lives of persons) are  something  over   and above  a person’s actual behavior or dispositions to  behave Minds, thoughts, pains, feelings, and the like, are not objects like shoes,  apples, brains, or fingers. They aren’t private  inner   episodes  of a “spectral  mind,” either. (There is no  Ghost of the Machine !) They are nothing over and above a person’s actual behavior or dispositions  behave So, the big problem for C. Dualists (interaction) is dissolved, but only at the  expense of Cartesian Dualism itself. Ryle’s Behaviorism A methodological point: psychology is a proper science  only if  its subject  matter is  public  and  observable . The only kind of  evidence  that is relevant to any proper science is the kind  that results from the method of third-personal observation or experimentation. A Cartesian-based psychology – with its commitment to  private  inner  episodes of the mind and its reliance on  introspective  evidence – does not,  therefore, count as a proper science. So, psychology is a proper science 
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PHIL 1 taught by Professor Lewis during the Winter '08 term at UCSB.

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13 - Philosophy 1 3/5/2008 3:59:00 PM Ryle's Objection to...

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