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Unformatted text preview: ffline Porject Some packages do allow the user to go “offline” Some Providing Information Providing Project planning software needs to provide a lot of information Project to various people, to justify the time spent using it. Typical requirements might include: Task lists for people, and allocation schedules for resources Task Overview information on how long tasks will take to complete Overview Early warning of any risks to the project Early Information on workload, for planning holidays Information Evidence Evidence Historical information on how projects have progressed, and in particular, Historical projects articular, how actual and planned performances are related. how Sequential Process Sequential Feasibility Initiation Stage Design Planning Development & Monitoring Closeout Completion Organization Framework Operations The Organization Framework, Concepts & Tools Tools Managing the Construction Process Project Organization •Project Economics •Delivery Systems •Contractual Organization •Organizational Breakdown Structure •Project Development •Teams Project Planning •CPM •PDM •PERT •GERT/Q-GERT •STROBOSCOPE •DPM •Critical Chain •Resource Loading Project Monitoring •Earned Value Analysis •Quality Assurance •Risk Monitoring and Management •Conflict Management Project Control •Earned Value Analysis •Project Crashing •Process Simulation •Systems Simulation Project Learning •Project Reviews •Project Audits •Project Closeout •System Dynamics Unified Process Unified 1. Inception – Identify the initial scope of the project, a potential Inception Identify architecture for the system and obtain initial project funding and stakeholder acceptance. and 2. Elaboration – Complete the architecture of the system. Elaboration 3. Construction - Build a working system which meets the Construction Build expectation of project stakeholders. expectation 4. Transition – Validate and deploy the system into the Transition Validate production environment. production MIT OpenCourseWare 1.040 Project Management Spring 2009 For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: Project Organization and Contracts Courtesy of Oddmund Granli, 2002 Image courtesy of longhorndave on Flickr. Project Organization and Project Contracts Contracts „ Definition PMI: ” a project is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create unique product or service” Turner: “ An endeavor in which human, material and financial resources are organized in a novel way to undertake a unique scope of work, have given specification, within constraints of cost and time, so as to achieve beneficial change defined by quantitative and qualitative objectives” Turner (2003) “A project is a temporary organization to which resources are assigned to undertake a unique, novel and transient endeavor managing the inherent uncertainty and need for integration in order to deliver beneficial objectives of change” Project Organization and Project Contracts Contracts „Characteristics of three main types of institutional arrangements arrangements Entrepreneurial (1800- •Organization systems •Risk allocation Rational System (1920- Governance (1980- Small, dynamic Hierarchical Networks By Entrepreneurs Risk internalized by large system Risk allocated to participants Project Organization and Project Contracts Contracts „ Organizational structure The organizational structure may be defined as: “The relativity enduring allocation of work roles and administrative mechanisms that creates a pattern of interrelated work activities, and that allows the organization to, conduct, coordinate and control its work activities” (Jackson and Morgan, 78) in Arnoldo, C,Hax and Nocholas, S,Majluf (1981) “Organizational C,Hax Nocholas S,Majluf Design, A Survey and Approach” Design, Project Organization and Project Contracts Contracts Owner's Governance structure Corporate Environment (system) Project Life Cycle Corporate Ownership ? Stakeholders? Concurrent Engineering? Project Business Area Idea Generation Environment (System) Concept Definition Exec. Five Modes of Uncertainty •Corporate •Business models and concepts •Project Execution •Operation •Abandon Operation Abandon Operating Environment (System) Vision, aim, Position Project Organization and Project Contracts Contracts Project Life Cycle Governance mechanisms Strategic Choice Product/project selection Uncertainty flow diagram Major decisions and Life cycle of project risk Start Execution Contracts Corporate Handover Production Start-up Business Concept Def. (Model) Abandonment Execution Operation Strategy formulation Strategy realization Project Organization and Project Contracts Contracts „ Systems in operation Owner’s 1 1) 2) 3) 4) Ownership Project Value chain Market The Agent (The Firm) 3 2 P DO A Projects Revenues (profit) Value chain Market 4 Social and institutional environment PDOA: Plan, develop operate and abandon Capital Investments and forces. Owner’s T...
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