Chapter 8 Outline

Chapter 8 Outline - Chapter 8 Group Influence Completed by...

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Chapter 8 Group Influence Completed by: Jason Clark I. Group Influence A. Group: Two or more people who, for longer than a few moments, interact with and influence one another and perceive one another as "us" B. Social facilitation: How are we affected by the presence of others? 1. The mere presence of others a. Co-actors: Co-participants working individually on a noncompetitve activity b. Social facilitation: (1) Original meaning-the tendency of people to perform simple or well-learned tasks better when others are present. (2) Current meaning-the strengthening of dominant (prevalent, likely) responses in the presence of others. c. Arousal facilitates dominant repsonses (in regards to proximity of others) 2. Crowding: The presence of many others a. The presence of many other people can facilitate negative or positive reactions based on subjective perceptions made by the individual 3. Why are we aroused in the presence of others? a. Evaluation apprehension: concern for how others are evaluating us b. Driven by distraction-conflict that arises between paying attention to others and paying attention to the task thus overloading our cognitive system, creating arousal c. Mere presence-some believe that the mere presence of others produces some arousal even without evaluation apprehension or arousing distraction II. Social loafing: Do individuals exert less effort in a group? A. Many hands make light work
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYC 321 taught by Professor Martinvanslyck during the Fall '04 term at VCU.

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Chapter 8 Outline - Chapter 8 Group Influence Completed by...

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