Group14Chapter09Materials - Chapter 9: Prejudice...

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Cha pter 9: Prejudice Assignments by Group 14 (Compiled and posted by Paul Burkhart) Narrative by Jessica Seybold Prejudice: A negative prejudgment of a group and its individual members. Essentially prejudice is already having a negative attitude about someone or a group of people without knowing the facts or if your judgment is right. It is the combination of the ABC’s of attitudes-affect (disliking someone different from yourself), behavior tendency (behaving badly toward that person) and cognition (you believe them to be dumb or stupid). Stereotypes are generalizations about a group of people. For example, most people believe that the southerners are more hospitable than northerners. Is this necessarily true? No. But sometimes, yes. An accurate stereotype that is desirable is called “sensitivity to diversity” or “cultural awareness”. Accurate stereotypes may help us be more understanding of others habits that stem from their background. Discrimination differs from prejudice in that it is a negative behavior and prejudice is a negative attitude. The textbook poses the question whether or not racial prejudice is disappearing. Over a short time in history attitudes have changed tremendously. Now, more than 9 in 10 Blacks said that they would vote for a Black president. Prejudice is not completely gone. Hate crimes still happen, and although the majority of people welcome diversity in most social settings, they still tend to date and marry within their own race. This is called the phenomenon of greatest prejudice in the most intimate social realms. Although people may accept different people on certain levels they still won’t accept them on more intimate levels. So the answer to the question of whether or not racial prejudice is disappearing is not cut and dry. Blatant prejudice is being replaced by subtle prejudice. Subtle prejudice is exaggerating ethnic differences, feeling less admiration and affection for immigrant minorities, rejecting them for supposedly nonracial reasons). Essentially, people will show their prejudice if they have a non-prejudice reason to hide behind. Race sensitivity is also a new form of prejudice that is over praising minority’s accomplishments and over criticizing their mistakes. A good example is the experiment done by Kent Harber at Stanford University. When students read a poorly written essay that they were told was written by a black person they rated it higher and hardly offered harsh criticism than when they read an essay by a “white” author. Automatic prejudice still occurs. In experiments done by Joshua Correll and Anthony Greenwald where people were asked to press buttons indicating whether or not to “shoot” men who appeared on screen holding a gun or a harmless object. Black and white participants both more often mistakenly shot Black targets. This is an example of our dual attitudes system. Although the participants probably thought that they had no prejudice, obviously there was some there. I was surprised to read that gender stereotypes are much stronger than racial
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYC 321 taught by Professor Martinvanslyck during the Fall '04 term at VCU.

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Group14Chapter09Materials - Chapter 9: Prejudice...

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