exam_3_prompts - 1. What were the leading temperance...

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1.What were the leading temperance organizations at the turn of the Twentieth Century, & whatmethods did they use to convince Americans to support their cause?What other factors lent tothe adoption of the 18thAmendment?To what degree did Prohibition live up to these activists’goals?What aspect of the American creed were they attempting to fulfill?
-The vote-Needed to convince men and women-Many women didnt believe in women getting inpolitics to protect them from the evils of politics-Willard saw it as the only way politicians would beresponsive to them-Our duty to protect our homes-Anti-Saloon League-Played a stronger role in VA than WCTU-Founded in 1890s-A lot of emphasis on changing laws-Tactics-Dry candidates in non-partisan way (ie democrats)-Precinct by precinct → trying to get local option laws-Successfully lobbied VA legislature-Mann law 1903-Allowed judges to allow liquor licenses and to thinkabout character and public opinion → fewer liquorlicenses granted-Byrd law 1908-Increased restriction on production and sales’increase ability to enforce the law; outlawed privateclubs-Second paragraph: factors that led to 18th amendment-Ww1-Before the war, 19 states had already prohibited the manufacture and saleof alcohol. By 1916, 65% of the country was already dry and bannedalcohol-According to Allen, entering the war in 1917 made prohibition seempatriotic going against germans through german-american bewers. Duringthe war, the 18th amendment was passed and president wilson enactedpartial prohibition. At the end of the war, activists pushed for the 18thratification-Rationing-

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Term
Spring
Professor
SarahH.Meacham

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