Chapter 6 Combined Assignment

Chapter 6 Combined Assignment - Chapter 6: Conformity...

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Cha pter 6: Conformity Assignments by Group 14 (Compiled and posted by Paul Burkhart) Narrative by Paul Burkhart Conformity. The book defines it as “a change in behavior or belief to accord with others. It is what makes the world go ‘round. Conformity is not just “acting” as other people act, as most people believe; rather, it is being affected by how they act. It is acting differently from the way you would alone. Under the umbrella of “conformity” there are several varieties of conformity. First, there is “compliance” which is Conformity that involves publicly acting in accord with an implied or explicit request while privately disagreeing. If compliance is in reaction to a direct command, then it is referred to as “obedience.” A second variation is “acceptance” which is conformity that involves both acting and believing in accord with social pressure. Within Social Psychology, there are three classic conformity studies. The first was by Muzafer Sherif, who wanted to know if it was possible to observe the emergence of a social norm in the laboratory. The basic gist of this experiment is someone is seated in a completely dark room, with one little speck of light in front of them, which they have to determine how far it moves. After the first day of these tests, the subject is brought back in and a group of two other people give their input on how far the light traveled. This influence by these people forms a social norm that the subject feels pressure to follow. The lesson of these experiments is simple: Our views of reality are not ours alone. The second big group of classic experiments was by Solomon Asche. Long story short: Subject told to guess which line out of a group of three, matched in size to a line given beforehand. After making this determination, the subject sits around a table and goes through the process again, except in front of people, except all the people get it wrong, but are in consensus. This causes the subject to doubt their own ideas and many times they will accept the pressure on them to say the same thing as everyone else, knowing it is wrong. Lastly, the most controversial and disturbing social psychology experiment was conducted by Stanley Milgram. He pretty much pushed people to see how many volts of shock they would give another human being, under the authority of an experimenter. Milgram changed many factors and redid these experiments many times. By changing all these factors, Milgram discovered the factors that breed obedience. Four main factors determined obedience. These were emotional distance of the victim, closeness and legitimacy of the authority, institutional authority, and the liberating effects of group influence. There are many things we can learn from the classic experiments.
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYC 321 taught by Professor Martinvanslyck during the Fall '04 term at VCU.

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Chapter 6 Combined Assignment - Chapter 6: Conformity...

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