Chapter11Materials - Chapter 11: Attraction and Intimacy:...

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Cha pter 11: Attraction and Intimacy: Liking and Loving Others Assignments by Group 14 (Compiled and posted by Paul Burkhart) Narrative by Paul Burkhart In this chapter, we found out the answer to that age-old question: What’s love got to do with it? Surprisingly, a whole lot is bent on our attraction to and love for other human beings in this world around us. The chapter was organized very conveniently. It first talked about attraction, the love, the making love, and then breaking up. The core of our existence is depending on relationships with others. We have a need to belong—motivation to bond with others in relations that provide ongoing, positive interactions. The need to belong affects physical, emotional, and psychological well-being. With intimate relationships, people tend to be happier and healthier. The “silent treatment” is a form of ostracism, which are acts of excluding or ignoring. It can cause bad feelings and psychological problems. People that are excluded tend to become more aggressive. There is actually real pain from rejection. It is seen in brain cortex area. There are a number of factors that answer the question of what leads to friendship and attraction. One factor is proximity, which is geographical nearness. It has been seen that people that live, work, or study near someone that is in walking distance has a great chance of having a relationship with that person. Proximity has to also have interaction. People must come in contact with a person to start a relationship with them. Repeated exposure to someone can cause infatuation, which is caused by similar characteristics and someone who reciprocates affection. Proximity breeds liking by availability. Anticipating interaction can cause an increase in liking. If told you are going to meet someone, you will probably like them more than if you weren’t told. Mere exposure breeds liking. The mere-exposure effect is the tendency for novel stimuli to be liked more or rated more positively after the rater has been repeatedly exposed to them. Mere exposure violates the predication of boredom, which are repeated things that become less interesting. Mere exposure works better when people don’t know they are being exposed. Advertisers and politicians use mere-exposure phenomenon by repeating themselves constantly on television and ads so that you will remember them and favor them. When a politician doesn’t advertise themselves, voters usually pick a name that they are familiar with (ex. Smith or Jones picked more than Goetz or Hallow). Physical attractiveness matters when forming relationships. Women tend to look at character and men look at women by their appearance, but women may look at attractiveness but their decision isn’t based on looks solely. The matching phenomenon offers a reason why we end up with some and not others. The phenomenon is the tendency for men and women to choose as partners those who are a “good match” in attractiveness and other traits. Married couples are better matched than dating couples.
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYC 321 taught by Professor Martinvanslyck during the Fall '04 term at VCU.

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Chapter11Materials - Chapter 11: Attraction and Intimacy:...

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