Chapter 12 Combined Assignment

Chapter 12 Combined Assignment - Chapter 12: Helping...

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pter 12: Helping Assignments by Group 14 (Compiled and posted by Paul Burkhart) Narrative by Paul Burkhart “Good we must love, and must hate ill, For ill is ill, and good good still . . .” --John Donne “Community” That’s the best I could do as far as quotes go. Maybe you could give me a few better examples and thus help me out? Man, I’m good! Anyway, this chapter is all about helping. Why we help, when we help, whom we help and how we can increase helping. The chapter begins with an example of helping by referring to an incident where a man selflessly risks his own life to save a 4-year old girl. As you can see, the concept of helping is very broad which is why Myers takes the time to break it down by giving us an extreme example, saving someone’s life. The idea of helping ranges from a physical approach such as helping an old lady cross the street to instructing someone on the phone about what to do in a given situation. The first area of discussion is why we help. Reasons behind it can simply be gaining rewards or avoiding punishment. Altruism is defined as a “motive to increase another’s welfare without conscious regard for one’s self-interests.” People everyday give blood or donate money to charity without thinking about it all the time. For those people the idea of making someone else’s life better is reward enough. Or so they say. But I digress. On the other hand, there are people who only help for their own selfish purposes. The theory that human interactions are transactions that aim to maximize one’s rewards and minimizes one’s costs is defined in the social exchange theory. Sometimes organizations offer rewards for donating to charity such as gift cards in church. The people donating are somewhat aware they are helping a cause but idea of getting something for it interferes with that idea. Another example is the male who is extremely nice to someone he is very much attracted to. Helping increases our self-worth, which causes us to raise our self-esteem. The more we are able to help the more valued we feel among others. To be needed is a strong compliment on our self-esteem. The more we help the more positive we feel about who we are. People who help out more tend to excel in life. The problem with reward theory is that it tends to lead to egoism. Egoism is defined as “a motive to increase one’s own welfare.” Because of egoism, it may be hard to accept that someone really just wants to help. Myers then focuses on the internal rewards of helping. Why we help sometimes is because of guilt. When someone is in a low state of being we tend to be there too. In order to get out of that state we tend to try to make that other person feel better so we feel better. We also tend to do something nice after we do something that reflects our bad character such as simply apologizing. Guilt is healthy. The more people think about their actions the closer relationships are maintained. An argument of the feel bad-do good behavior is that it does not always work.
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYC 321 taught by Professor Martinvanslyck during the Fall '04 term at VCU.

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Chapter 12 Combined Assignment - Chapter 12: Helping...

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