Chapter 2 Focus Questions Combined

Chapter 2 Focus Questions Combined - 1) Describe how...

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1) Describe how functionalism is central to the symbol-system hypothesis. Functionalism is best described with the analogy that states that “mind is to body as program is to computer.” A computer program contains massive amounts of information that controls the computer. In the same way, one might say that the human mind is the storehouse of information that controls a person’s body. With the symbol-system hypothesis, knowledge or intelligence of any kind “…consists of the manipulation of symbols by computational rules” (32). Thus, the rules that are stored in either the mind or computer program are manipulated into the symbols that characterize either the body or the computer since organisms and computers are fundamentally the same according to functionalism. 2) In symbol-system hypothesis, it is believed that the “device” is unimportant until implementation. Why is this? (hint, this will become clear when you consider what part of the process is most important) In the symbol-system hypothesis, it is believed that the “device” is unimportant until implementation because up until that point it does not matter what the device is as long as it is capable of doing the desired function. It is when the device is actually implemented that the desired function of that device is taken into account to insure the desired outcome. For example, a set of computer codes could mean completely things when entered in to an Apple computer or an IBM. 3) Examine the differences between algorithms and heuristics. Please include an original example of each. With algorithms assuming that a certain set of procedures is followed, an outcome is guaranteed. However with heuristics, even if specific procedures are followed, a specific outcome cannot be guaranteed; rather the desired solution is guided towards. Algorithms are best known in the world of mathematics because regardless of how
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This test prep was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course PSYC 410 taught by Professor Martinvanslyck during the Spring '05 term at VCU.

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Chapter 2 Focus Questions Combined - 1) Describe how...

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