section_1__chapter_3

section_1__chapter_3 - Chapter 3, Section 1 pp65-73. One of...

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Chapter 3, Section 1 pp65-73. One of the main premises of behaviorists: humans have no special mental processes in comparison to animals. ● Higher mental processes of humans are complex combinations of simple animal behaviors. ♣ Can you think of an applicable example of how this might happen? What is the process? ● Thus, study animal learning to develop a general process learning theory that would apply uniformly to humans and animals. Classical/ Pavlovian conditioning: reflexes (both learned and innate) Operant/Instrumental conditioning: voluntary behavior Classical Findings- Pavlovian Conditioning Unconditioned stimulus (US) – the food Unconditioned response (UR) – salivation Conditioned stimulus (CS) – the bell, or the presence of the experimenter Conditioned response (CR) – salivation Is the CR always the same response as the US? Human example? Basic phenomena of Pavlovian Conditioning- see chapter outline ● Why does delay conditioning produce the most rapid conditioning? ♣ For example, in the case of the dog, if the presence of the experimenter
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section_1__chapter_3 - Chapter 3, Section 1 pp65-73. One of...

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