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chap_4_section_outline - Chapter 4 Behavioral Theories of...

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Chapter 4: Behavioral Theories of Learning, pp. 119-127 Important Points on Skinner and Radical Behaviorism Stimulus control of behavior = controlling effect of a situation Discriminated operant = withholding reinforcements at certain levels of stimuli in order to mold discrimination between them o S+ stimulus signals reinforcement and increases response rate o S- stimulus is not reinforced and decreases response rate Environments control behavior through discrimination and generalization Reinforcers strengthen behavior o Positive: event that increases likelihood of response (i.e. reward) o Negative: event that when terminated increases likelihood of response (i.e. torture) Punishment reduces likelihood of response Extinction reduces likelihood of response by withdrawing any reinforcements Reinforcement Given Taken away Behavior Increased Positive reinforcement Negative reinforcement Decreased Punishment Extinction Partial reinforcement = only some responses are reinforced, resulting in longer
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chap_4_section_outline - Chapter 4 Behavioral Theories of...

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