Questions 1 and 2

Questions 1 and 2 - around an area(such as a maze for long...

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1. Do you think it is possible to quantify behavior like Hull tried to do? -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- No, because the human brain has so much going into every decision it makes, it is beyond comprehension to quantify that. No equation could possible take into account all processes, all situational factors, all personality characteristics, all past experiences, and all possible cognitions the organism (especially humans) can go to. 2. What does Tolman mean by a cognitive map? How does this idea differ from Hull’s idea of how an animal would navigate a maze? --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Tolman’s idea of a cognitive map is very straightforward: You let an animal wander
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Unformatted text preview: around an area (such as a maze for long enough, the animal will create a mental image in their head as to the overall layout of the area; a cognitive map. Thus, when presented with an incentive to proceed through the maze, the animal will already have a pretty good idea of where it is going and thus applies the previous knowledge acquisition of the cognitive map to its present situation making it easier for the organism to solve the maze. Hull would say that the organism would rather use a trial-and-error approach to the maze. The organism would try one route, and when it didn’t work, it would go back to the beginning and try a different route. Taking into account no information gathered as it proceeded to through the maze the first time....
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