Chapter 9terms - Chapter 9 Terms Chapter 9 Achievement...

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Chapter 9. Terms
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Chapter 9 Achievement tests Tests that gauge a person’s mastery and knowledge of various subjects. Aptitude tests Psychological tests used to assess talent for specific types of mental ability. Construct validity The extent to which there is evidence that a test measures a particular hypothetical construct. Content validity The degree to which the content of a test is representative of the domain it’s supposed to cover. Convergent thinking Narrowing down a list of alternatives to converge on a single correct answer. Correlation coefficient A numerical index of the degree of relationship between two variables. Creativity The generation of ideas that are original, novel, and useful. Criterion- related validity Test validity that is estimated by correlating subjects’ scores on a test with their scores on an independent criterion (another measure) of the trait assessed by the test.
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