History Take home test 2

History Take home test 2 - Greg Whipple Take Home Test#2 E...

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Greg Whipple Take Home Test #2 E. Aronstein History 101 L 1) Explain Charles Darwin’s contributions to science. What is the nature of the conflict between Darwin’s teaching and Christianity? In the late 19 th century, Charles Darwin began publishing books that displayed evidence of a vast amount of different species throughout the world and how these animals came to be. The existence of these animals was not created by the hand of God but by evolving generations of these animals. Darwin also believed in his idea of natural selection which is the process of inheriting favorable traits in successive generations of a particular species. These traits would help the species survive and give them an advantage when needing food. Darwin’s view of evolution was highly controversial at the time because the Christian community believed that God had created all natural beings in the world. However, there were people that did agree with Darwin and for the second time in history a secular attitude grew. Unlike Galileo Galilie, Darwin was not put on trial for his views and new ideas of evolution; people either stayed loyal to the Church or found Darwin to be right. 2) Karl Marx’s experiences in the early days of industrialization led him to both analyze history in economic terms and develop a program for the improvement of the working class. Briefly state Marx’s theory of the stages of history. Briefly state his solution to the problems of the working class. Karl Marx’s theory states that history goes through a series of stages based on the classes of a particular society. As a new class is created, the society gets closer to its downfall. However, the society does elevate its standard of living, government and inventions. Thus, creating separation among the people, the wealthy and the poor, that will lead to the ultimate downfall of the society. As each stage grows and falls, the final stage would rise which in Marx’s view is communism. Everyone works for everyone else, there is no money for goods because everything is free to whoever needs it, the class system becomes nonexistent and there is no need for a government. Marx’s solution for the working class was to revolt against the capitalist government. The workers should take everything the government owns, rid the society of private property, create their own means of production and create a new society. This would be the basis of a communist society.
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3) John Stuart Mill was a British philosopher and member of Parliament. What liberal causes did he champion?
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