Study Packet 14 sec.4 - Study Packet 14 Postwar America...

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Study Packet 14: Postwar America Section 4 : The Politics of Protest Terms: 1. Hippies Mostly white youths created a new lifestyle that promoted the virtues of flamboyant dress, rock music, drug use, and free and independent living; they were known as the counterculture and were commonly called “hippies” 2. National Women’s Party Opposed protective Legislation for women because they believed it reinforced workplace discrimination. In 1923 the NWP persuaded the Congress to introduce the first equal right amendment that forbade discrimination based on gender. 3. Equal Pay Act It was illegal paying men more than women fro the same job. 4. Title VII It was illegal for private employers to discriminate from a job not only because of their race, color, religion, and national origin, but also of gender. 5. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (1965) The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) was established to enforce provisions of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. Title VII forbids discrimination in the workplace based on race, age, handicap, religion, sex, or national origin. 6. Betty Friedan Author of the book titled The Feminine Mystique in 1963. She traveled around the country interviewing the women she had graduated with in 1942. Friedan described in her book that there were women who felt unfulfilled. 7. National Organization of women In October 1966, a group of about 300women and men held the founding conference of NOW. The organization started off by demanding greater educational opportunities for women as well as aiding women in the workplace. Criticize the exclusion of women from certain professions and from politics and they also spoke out about the inequality of work paying for women. 8. Kathy Striebel She was one of the much female students that faced gender discrimination at school. She was a high school junior at St Paul Minnesota that wanted to compete in the schools swimming team but the school didn’t allow girls to join. Her mother was a member of NOW and soon found out that St. Paul had passed an
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