study packet10 - Study Packet 10 Populism and Progressivism...

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Study Packet 10: Populism and Progressivism Vocabulary 1. Irrigation : to bring a supply of water to a dry area, especially in order to help crops to grow.
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Section 1: Clash of cultures and forced Assimilation of Native Americans Pg.594-604,604-610 Terms: 1. Battle of Wounded Knee (1890, South Dakota ) The last major armed conflict between the Dakota Sioux and the United States, later described as a "massacre”. If Indians assimilate then they wouldn’t be attacked by whites so whites kept food away from Native Americans to make them give up their culture and religion, in 1884 the government was persuaded to outlaw the sacred Sun Dance. When the “Ghost Dance” cult later spread to the Dakota Sioux, the army bloodily stamped it out and killed 200 Indians for practicing the dance. 2. Nez Perce Indians The Nez Perce Indians are original people of Idaho, Oregon, and Washington state s . Most Nez Perce people live in Idaho today. This tribe was provoked to escape, when U.S. authorities tried to gathering them onto a reservation. 3. Apache A member of a Native North American people who before lived all over the current southwestern United States and northern Mexico. The Eastern Apache were predominantly hunting and meeting society, while the Western Apaches relied more on farming. 4. Buffalo The buffalo was the key to Native American life: food, fuel, clothing, weapons and tools. With the building if the railroads, whites began killing the buffalo because it was used for food, hides that were cloth and were killing the animal just for the fun of it. In 1865 there were 15 million buffalo and by 1885 there were less than a thousand. 5. Helen Hunt Jackson She was an author that called for a change in policy, outlined of the Indian
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Policy was unjust and selfish. Ramona ( 1884 ). Jackson wrote this novel hoping to get rid the troubles of Native Americans, this novel is considered to be Jackson 's masterpiece. The romantic novel is about a half-Indian, half-Scotch girl who marries an Indian. The two suffer discrimination so severe that it makes her husband mad, and he is eventually killed. After Ramona marries her foster brother, they must move to Mexico after their ranch is seized by Americans. 6. Dawes Act February 8, 1887 Converted all Indian tribal lands to individual ownership to try to make the assimilation of Indians into the white culture easy. Indian Rights associations spread across the country, and agreement grew that Indians must be helped to become full members of American society. The reformers saw the traditional patterns of Indian culture as the main obstacle to the citizenship; their first task was to end the nomadism (somebody who wanders from place to place) and separation of reservation life. The new law was adapted to attack the central institution of Indian culture, common ownership of tribal lands.
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