KSS Grade 12 Psychology Final Open Book Practice Test 1. The double-blind procedure is most likely to be utilized in ________ research. A) survey B) case study C) correlational D) experimental 2. The survey is a research method in which: A) individuals are carefully observed in their natural environments. B) a representative sample of individuals are questioned regarding their opinions or behaviors. C) an individual is studied in great detail. D) an investigator determines the extent to which two variables influence each other. 3. Those who approach the study of psychology with an attitude of curious skepticism are especially likely to: A) perceive illusory correlations. B) ignore disconfirming evidence. C) question the validity of research findings. D) demonstrate overconfidence. E) dismiss the value of replication. 4. A specification of how a researcher manipulates an independent variable is known as a(n): A) control condition. B) replication. C) operational definition. D) hypothesis. 5. The personal values of psychologists are likely to influence their choice of: A) topics of investigation. B) research methods. C) explanatory theories. D) all the above. 6. The hindsight bias leads people to perceive research findings as: A) invalid. B) unpredictable. C) inexplicable. D) unreplicable. E) unsurprising. 7. Which of the following provides a rough indication of the degree of variation among a set of scores? A) correlation coefficient B) scatterplot C) range D) median E) percentile rank 8. Incorrectly interpreting correlation as evidence of causation is best avoided by making use of: A) the experiment. B) survey research. C) the case study. D) naturalistic observation. 9. If those with low self-esteem are also particularly likely to suffer from depression, this would not necessarily indicate that low self-esteem triggers negative emotions because: Page 1
A) sampling extreme cases leads to false generalizations. B) events often seem more probable in hindsight. C) correlation does not prove causation. D) random sequences often don't look random. 10. A correlation coefficient can range in value from: A) 0 to 100. B) 0 to 1.00. C) 1 to 99. D) –1.00 to +1.00. 11. The activity of the hypothalamus most directly influences: A) hunger and thirst. B) muscular coordination. C) attention and memory. D) heartbeat and breathing. 12. The amygdala and hypothalamus are part of the: A) brainstem. B) limbic system. C) reticular formation. D) cerebral cortex. 13. Sensory neurons transmit signals to: A) glands. B) glial cells. C) motor neurons. D) interneurons. 14. Recording electrodes are placed directly on the scalp to produce a(n): A) EEG. B) PET scan. C) MRI. D) CT scan. 15.
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