09.28.2011 - Lumumba Fanon Notes - AFRICAN HISTORY PATRICE...

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AFRICAN HISTORY Sept 29, 2011 PATRICE LUMUMBA Fanon Lumumba Born in Martinique Great-grandson of slaves Leaves his country when his country is in need Fights alongside white Muslims against Algerian revolt Becomes a radical and becomes the theoretician of revolutionary violence Stresses Africa’s needs to embrace socialism Had much trust in Lumumba Revolutionary Victim of Belgian paternalism Not as cultured as Fanon Very intelligent Becomes the unquestioned leader of a non-violent movement (the Congolese National Movement) Kindhearted (called naïveté by Europeans) Regarded as a moral enemy by the Societe Generale Content of his speeches always remain the same Independence becomes his goal Always mentions the positives of Belgian colonization o Other times his tone changing Father was a Catholic peasant Stolen by Protestant missionaries at the age of 13 Becomes an évolué Earns his immatriculation certificate At the age of 20 he is higher on the ladder than any black but still remains lower than any white Not responsible for the Congolese revolution Resolved to be “non-violent” until the day he died Idol of the crowd in Stanleyville o But an idol is not a leader such as N’Krumah who he greatly admired His Christian education gave him an abstract image of man, but not racist Asks: “How can you whites prevent blacks from doing exactly what you
have done?” o Concept places him above ethnic groups and tribalism Always speaks of unity in his country Preached that unity alone would bring the Congo independence Job in the post office offers him a place in the colonial administration and enables him to discover its principle feature of centralization Attends the Accra Conference as a representative of the CNM His Pan-Africanism made him some of his most deadly enemies Believes/hints at the fact that Congolese independence is not the end but the beginning to the death to win national sovereignty His lack of insight will send him to his doom as he is one of the elites and therefore cut off from the masses that he supposedly represents Coutumiers; peasants ruled by chieftains and plagued by tribal quarrels Extra-coutumiers; former peasants now living for the most part in cities/Congolese petty bourgeoisie made of wage earners, minor civil servants and tradesmen Colonialists began to interest peasants in production by encouraging individual ownership of land o As a means of getting the peasants to work without them feeling constrained or forced into labour Young Congolese forced to worship Christ essentially in exchange for teaching them how to read The equality of the Gospel can work as a destructive force in the colonies o Missionaries of Schuet endorsed the manifesto of Ileo (a 37 evolue/educated native that had gotten somewhere) who demanded independence of the Congo o

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