Are there other important nutrients

Are there other important nutrients - o Food is still the...

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Are there other important nutrients? Choline - essential nutrient needed for healthy cells and nerves o not classified as a vitamin; body can synthesize it but dietary sources may be needed o Daily needs: men 550 mg; women: 423 mg o Widely available in foods; milk, eggs, peanuts, liver What are antioxidants? o Compounds that neturalize free radicals that can cause oxidative stress and cell damage o Examples: Vitamin C ( water soluble ) and E ( fat soluble ), the mineral selenium, and the phytochemicals carotenoids ( the term phyto refers to plant ) and flavonoids o Damaging effects of free radicals ( destroy cell tissues ) contribute to heart disease, cancer, aging, diabetes, arthritis, macular degeneration, cataracts o AHA and NCI recommend obtaining antioxidants from a balanced diet and do not advocate taking supplements. Phytochemical Color Guide o To increase the amount of antioxidants, choose many different colored items How should you get your vitamins?
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Unformatted text preview: o Food is still the best way to meet your vitamin needs o Fortified foods can provide additional nutrients but should not displace vitamin/mineral-rich foods o Vitamin supplements are not a substitute for healthy eating o Cannot provide all of missing substances of a healthy diet o Who might benefit from a supplement? o People who cannot meet their needs through a regular, varied diet, such as: Pregnant or lactating women, older people, some vegetarians, people with food allergies, medical conditions, or low-calorie diets. o FDA approval not required for ingredients in use prior to 1994; FDA cannot remove supplement from marketplace until shown to be harmful o Consult heath professional before taking supplements Read label carefully Meat and Beans o Niacin, thiamin, B6, B12 Milk o Riboflavin, A, B12, D Fruit o Folate, C Vegetables o Folate, A, C, E Grains o Folic Acid, Niacin, B6, B12, Riboflavin, Thiamin...
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This note was uploaded on 04/07/2008 for the course SCI 161 taught by Professor Henderson during the Spring '08 term at Quinnipiac.

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