Exam 3 Notes - Lecture 8 Race and Inequality A What is race...

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Lecture 8: Race and Inequality A. What is race? a. Social creation of arbitrary grouping of individuals in a society based on the color of their skin b. Man-made, not a physical difference B. Race around the world? a. White? b. Black? c. Asian? d. Different cultures have different definitions of what white, black, asian or other skin colors are C. Races in the U.S. and the future trend a. Before 2000, black people were the 2 nd largest population. Since 2000, Hispanics have taken that spot [because of immigration and high fertility] b. By 2050, whites will be 50%. They will still be a majority but not as high of a majority D. Historical Background a. Ethnocentrism a.i. When you make a judgment about other people’s cultures, religions, and values under the assumption that yours is superior\ b. Labeling of natives as savages, animalistic, and heathens c. Cooperation and relative equality changed to domination d. Acquisition of Native Land e. Native Indians pushed to reservations f. Native Americans and their socioeconomic condition g. Arrival of Blacks g.i. Resistance from Native Americans g.ii. 1500-1850 g.iii. 1619 when a Dutch ship brought 20 Africans to Jamestown, VA g.iv. Need for plantaion g.v. 10 million Africans were sold in Africa but only half of them arrived in the U.s. alive g.v.1. Slaves were stuffed between boxes and cargo on cargo ships g.v.2. Slaves died of suffocation and were thrown into the ocean g.vi. Labeling of blacks as savages and animalistic g.vii. Treatment by the masters was extremely cruel with no legal rights g.viii. Outlawed in 1808 but 10% of American families owned slaves until 1850 E. Hispanics in America a. 1848 – the U.S. conquered and bought areas where we have Texas, California, Nevada, Arizona, Utah, New Mexico, and Colorado from Mexico a.i. Most Mexicans, however, came to the U.S. in this century as farm labor
a.ii. Other Hispanics include: Puerto Ricans, Cubans, and small % from other Spanish speaking areas F. Asians in America a. Chinese b. Filipinos c. Japanese d. Indians and Pakistanis e. Koreans f. Regulations prevented blue collar workers leaving Asia to come here to work G. Immigration Act of 1990 – enacted by Bush government a. Total quota was increased from 540,000 to 700,000 per year b. In 1995, quota will be reduced to 675,000 per year c. 140,000 visas per year for special occupational groups [scientists, professors, doctors, etc.] d. Have to advertise a job opening to Americans, and if they cannot find one, they can then ask the government for a visa to get the job filled e. Green Card – allows you to buy property and house, after 5 years you can apply for citizenship [called Naturalized Citizen] f. 10,000 visas per year for individuals who can invest $500,000 in the U.S. g. Special quota was set aside for under-represented countries [Ex. 16,000 visas set aside for Ireland] h. Illegal immigrant rights in France h.i. Allowed to have a legal allowance h.ii. School is free of cost h.iii. Health insurance for whole family h.iv. You will be given an attorney to fight your case in a court h.v. If you prove that you were a victim of violence, you can stay. If you

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